During the February 3,session at Olympic, the Experience improved the January 11 master tape of "Purple Haze" by re-recording the vocal and lead guitar parts, and adding another Octavia guitar overdub, which was sped-up and panned at the end of the song. They also recorded Mitchell and Redding's backing vocals. After recording backing vocals by Redding and lead vocals from Hendrix, Kramer prepared the song's final mix.
Hendrix was not as confident a singer as he was a guitarist, and because he strongly disliked anyone watching him sing he asked the engineers at Olympic to construct a privacy barrier between him and the control room. Chas was convinced that he was on to something. Not everyone was convinced that Chas was right.
As a habit, Hendrix would indiscriminately tell people where they would be on any given day, which led to large groups of fans following him everywhere. Olympic employees were tasked with keeping them under control and at a safe distance so as to not unduly burden the recording process. I worked with the Stones. I worked with the Beatles. I worked with Led Zeppelin. I was not as jumpy; it was not as difficult as with Hendrix.
It was something of an open house. Hendrix was not difficult at all, but I personally would have preferred not to have loads of girls lurking in the woodwork. In an effort to free up space for Hendrix's lead vocals, further reduction mixing was completed for "Are You Experienced?
Chandler decided that they should discard the original De Lane Lea tape and record a new version of the song. During the session, Kramer prepared a reduction mix of "Highway Chile", which made two tracks available for Hendrix's lead guitar and vocal overdubs.
A reduction mix was prepared for "Love or Confusion", and Hendrix took advantage of the newly vacant tracks by adding lead guitar and vocals. A final mix was completed before the end of the session. On the 10th, he and the Experience returned to Olympic, spending the bulk of the session on editing dialogue segments for "Third Stone from the Sun", which were then slowed down and mixed into the song. Horst played the first side through and didn't say a word.
Then he turned the disk over and played the other side. I started thinking about how I was going to talk my way out of this. At the end of the second side, he just sat there.
Finally, he said, 'This is brilliant. This is the greatest thing I've ever heard. According to Hendrix biographer Harry Shapirothe music on Are You Experienced incorporates a variety of music genres from rhythm and blues to free jazz ; author Peter Doggett noted its "wide variety of styles", while journalist Chris Welch said "each track has a different personality".
Included on the UK edition of Are You Experienced were two tracks that represented the music Hendrix had played in the US before the formation of the Experience: the blues track "Red House" and the rhythm and blues song "Remember".
Although the lyrics to "Purple Haze", which opened the US edition of Are You Experiencedare often misinterpreted as describing an acid tripHendrix explained: "[It] was all about a dream I had that I was walking under the sea.
InHendrix told the journalist Keith Altham that "Third Stone from the Sun" is about a visiting space alien who, upon evaluation of the human species, decides that people are not fit to rule Earth, destroys their civilization, and places the planet in the care of chickens. Hendrix described "Manic Depression" as "ugly times music"; during a live performance he explained the meaning of the lyrics: "It's a story about a cat wishing he could make love to music instead of the same old everyday woman.
He locked me in the bathroom for absolutely ages and I ran out to get a taxi and was standing under the traffic lights, and I had red hair and a red dress. I went back after I'd cooled down and he'd already written it. The photo shoot took place in February after Fleming had attended several recording sessions and Experience gigs. Chandler made a point of requesting that the band member's faces be clearly visible in the photograph; Fleming explained: "[Album covers] got much more esoteric as time went on, but to establish the artist we had to get their faces across so the kids would recognize them.
According to Fleming, the shot that he chose was "more sinister; more interesting". The cover art's combination of dull green and brown tones, juxtaposed with the jocular nature of the subject's pose, created a weak overall visual impression; Stamp commented: "It's not a great cover at all. Hopefully, we made up for that in all the other covers. During a meeting with the band, Ferris told Hendrix that he wanted to hear more of their music from which to draw inspiration.
They accommodated his request by allowing him to attend several sessions for their second album, Axis: Bold as Love. After seeing Hendrix with his hair combed away from the scalp, Ferris requested that he wear it that way during the photo shoot. Hendrix's girlfriend, Kathy Etchingham, trimmed his hair to improve its symmetry, forming an afro that became the basis of a homogenized Experience image.
After purchasing clothing for Redding and Mitchell at the boutiques on King's Road —Hendrix wore clothes from his wardrobe, including a psychedelic jacket with a pair of eyes printed on the front which had been given to him by a fan—the Experience travelled to Kew Gardens. In an effort to focus on Hendrix's hands, Ferris shot the band at a low angle. We wanted musically to show who this person was. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. In France and the Benelux countries, Hendrix's recordings were released by Barclay Records in a distribution deal secured by Jeffery.
He insisted that the event would be incomplete without Hendrix, whom he called "an absolute ace on the guitar", and he agreed to join the board of organizers on the condition that the Experience perform at the festival in mid-June.
Pennebaker for the documentary Monterey PopHendrix burned and smashed his guitar on stage for dramatic effect. Are You Experienced was an immediate commercial success, selling more than one million copies within seven months of its release. Many music critics have since named Are You Experienced as one of the greatest rock and roll debut albums. Additionally, Mojo magazine listed Are You Experienced as the greatest guitar album of all time in Since the first release of Are You Experienced inthere have been six different track listings.
The original UK Track album did not list running times for the songs. The listings are taken from the original US Reprise album. They're all year-old packages. I want to take it high-level The Douglas reissues were short-lived; inhis tenure as the overseer of Hendrix's catalogue was taken over by Experience Hendrix the Hendrix family-controlled company. Jimi Hendrix Experience . From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the album. For the song, see Are You Experienced?
For the novel, see Are You Experienced? Ross recalled that two were completed on the 13th and two more on the 15th, but Redding wrote in his diary that Mitchell was not present on the 15th, and he also left some doubt as to whether or not the Experience recorded or rehearsed on December This provoked Hendrix and Redding to consider replacing him in the Experience.
They auditioned a friend of Redding's, John Banks, and the audition went well enough that Hendrix and Redding offered Banks the position, but Banks, who was afraid of flying turned down the job to avoid the extensive air travel that would have been required of him. According to Redding, after Chandler docked Mitchell's weekly pay he was never late again.
According to Kramer, he wanted to hear the basic rhythm parts across all four tracks, which inspired Kramer to experiment with reduction mixing. All Time Top Albums 3rd ed. Virgin Books. ISBN November 18, Archived from the original on April 21, Retrieved March 27, America's Music: From the Pilgrims to the Present 3rd ed. University of Illinois Press. Hal Leonard Corporation. Retrieved January 23, Wesleyan University Press. Pepper ; Unterbergerp. Retrieved March 21, Down Beat : August Encyclopedia of Popular Music.
Oxford University Press. Acclaimed Music. Retrieved December 26, In Graff, Gary ed. Visible Ink Press. Archived from the original on September 21, Retrieved August 9, Q : December In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian eds. Tom Hull — on the Web. Retrieved July 22, Pepper': Many musical firsts echo today". Associated Press.
Counted On Sweetness 2. I've Made Enough Friends 3. Luxury 4. Indie 5. Safe And Comfortable. I love punk music, and Dr. Demento changed my entire life in an extraordinary way. Side 2: 1. The album's widespread success launched The Avett Brothers into the national spotlight, catching the eye of producer Rick Rubin who would go on to produce their next album I And Love And You.
Remastered and reissued on g transparent crystal vinyl, the first vinyl pressing in four decades. Pressings feature individual hand-numbering. In the late s, the renowned American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger John Hicks formed one of the most influential ensembles consisting out of musicians that had played music at the highest level all their lives and gained their status as both stand-alone artists and important sidemen.
Each of them had participated in many of jazz's great moments and all shared the ability, documented on many albums, to inspire their fellow musicians to even greater heights. On this album Is That So?
He served as a leader on more than 30 albums and played as a sideman on more than other recordings. In the early '70s he taught jazz history and improvisation at Southern Illinois University before resuming his career as a recording artist. He then toured with Sam Cooke and would later go on to work with Curtis Mayfield. The album was produced by John Hicks and Timeless Records owner Wim Wigt and is a remarkable outing of advanced musicianship by three jazz-giants The Night Has A Thousand Eyes - Various - 1000 Original Hits 1963 (CD) their prime, delivering an inspirational gem of an album.
Is That So? Expect supercharged Post Bop with striking notes, no-holds-barred musicianship, high swinging solos, screaming choruses and plenty of solid virtuosity to spare. The up tempo none stop Latin beat is complimented by the terrific drum solos of Idris Muhammad and the rhythmic bass stokes of Ray Drummond. This electrifying set of tracks makes this release a bonafide hit and a must have for any self-respecting jazz fan or collector.
This unique album comes as a deluxe g DOUBLE vinyl edition strictly limited to copies worldwide with obi strip. The jacket features exclusive pictures shot by legendary Dutch photographer Joost Leijen known for his work with artists such as Chet Baker and Pharoah Sandersalso included is an insert with liner notes by renowned author and producer Russ Musto.
Goode, Johnnie Johnson lived in obscurity in his hometown of St. The record represents Johnnie's brilliance and reaffirms him as the formative master of rock n' roll piano.
The package also boasts brand new gatefold packaging. Though this album doesn't present a baseline criterion, Muddlin Gear will prep you for when the body-snatching pods land to give you the most visceral baseline experience of your life. The Entroscooper 2. Said Dram Scam 3. Ill Shambata 5. In Inphidelik 7. Silent Why 8. Da Doo Doo. Magma is one of the most influential of all French bands. They have left a legacy of music that defies any of the standard and convenient classifications of rock, operating instead in a realm of their own creation.
BBC Londres is pressed on silver vinyl. Only individually numbered copies are available worldwide, exclusively at record stores for RSD Black Friday. Breeze 2. In The Temple 3. Dance Of The Furies 4. Slide Hidden Track 5. Starblood Remix Hidden Track. The band had its roots in the Congo although it formed in Kenya in the mid-sixties. Each of the songwriters sang lead in their native tongues and this meant they used vocals in three African languages next to the songs sung in English.
In when the BBC held a competition to find the best band in Africa, Matata submitted a song and came in first. Several singles also came out of this and Matata scored hits in the Netherlands, Belgium and France. With a wealth of material and a dynamic live act to its name they would play packed gigs every night.
The group was a visual, as well as musical feast and quickly became favorites at several well-known London nightclubs. There would be no further Matata recordings and sadly the band split after releasing their second album.
The album we are presenting you today Independence from comes swinging right out the gate with a set of no less than TWELVE monster tunes. This unique record comes as a deluxe g vinyl edition strictly limited to copies worldwide with obi strip and featuring the original artwork. This reissue also comes with an insert featuring pictures of the band and extensive liner notes from award winning author John Masouri.
Featuring eleven original tracks written by JD McPherson and his friends. SOCKS is an album of holidays songs sure to be standards while you are decorating the tree. SIDE A: 1. All The Gifts I Need 2. Bad Kid 3. Hey Skinny Santa! Socks 5. Every Single Christmas 6. Ugly Sweater Blues. SIDE B: 1. Claus Vs. Claus feat. Lucie Silvas 5. Twinkle Little Christmas Lights. To commemorate the album's 10th anniversary, the first-ever vinyl release of the acclaimed tenth album by classic rock icons Night Ranger!
The album was the group's first with guitarist Joel Hoekstra Whitesnake, Trans-Siberian Orchestra and ushered in a decade that saw the band -- who have sold more than 17 million records worldwide -- achieve its highest visibility in years via tours with the likes of Journey, Def Leppard, Foreigner and Sammy Hagar.
A modern AOR classic from a legendary band that both epitomized and transcended the arena rock sound! Growin' Up In California 2. Lay It On Me 3. Bye Bye Baby Not Tonight 4. Follow Your Heart 5. Time Of Our Lives 6. No Time To Lose 7. Live For Today 8. It's Not Over 9. End of the Day Rock n' Roll Tonite Say It With Love.
Seminal Florida punk band Pink Lincolns see their original unreleased four-song cassette demo get an official vinyl release for the very first time. Side B, "I am a Genius," stops nothing short of the name. This is the last unreleased recordings of Pink Lincolns, featuring founding and now deceased guitarist Dorsey Martin. Original demo recording never before heard by fans. Comes with liner notes from front-man Chris Barrows.
First and only pressing. Limited to copies. Apartment 54 2. Friends of Mine The Zombies. Hailing from Memphis, Chris Travis has created his own wave in the hip-hop community for almost the past decade. Intro 2. Purple Thoughts 3. How It Is 4. When We Ride 5. Sip That Shit 7. Codeine Vision 8. Drugs- Wavadelic Freestyle Pt. Psychedelic Funk Actavis Tokyo Wet Like My Bitches Balance Stayin True.
The 7" will be numbered and limited to copies. Boston A historic early recording of Aerosmith in their rehearsal room - just the band, crew and friends captured on Joe Perry's tape recorder. Chet Baker is highly regarded as one of jazz's greatest trumpet players, and he recorded numerous albums over his 35 year recording career. Recorded inAlbert's House features eleven instrumental compositions by Steve Allen, who produced the recording session to assist Baker in restarting his career after a horrific dental injury in ' This monster is a barrage of middle eastern clarinet, oud, dumbek, kanun, sax, tambourine, wild percussion, and kaval, along with finger cymbals and the occasional vocal from some of his favorite belly dancers.
Still performing at 91 with his group Taksim, Souren Baronian is a living legend and he was nice enough to let us raid his tape archive! Siro Yerk 2. Makhmoor Aghchig 3.
Pinkeol 5. Hey Yala 7. Geozlerin 8. Groovin' ""Hye"" 9. Ser Khosha Govand Halime Chifte Telli Shek Mazerov Laz Bar Nane Souyou Achchig Hos Yegoor Norike Bar Chem-o-chem Dari-lolo Khun Dzorin Dzar Khorodig Hye-Ena Siroon Min Elek Hub Eench Anem Herosi Bar Aghli-Jen Both sets are included on this RSD Black Friday release pressed on psychedelic color vinyl in a high-gloss tip-on jacket.
This album was recorded, mixed and mastered live to a vinyl master, in one take, on the evening of November 6th at Welcome To studio in Nashville. There were no overdubs, edits, punch-ins, remixes or remastering. This type of recording is very rare due to the technical and creative difficulty associated with it.
Once the recording has started it cannot stop until the end of the side. You are hearing one complete take per side of the record, which is no easy feat for all involved! In -- some three years before his self-titled debut solidified his stature as a pre-eminent Fender bender -- Roy Buchanan signed with Polydor Records and began work on his first full-length platter.
Never before on vinyl, the Prophet comes in a two album set, pressed on orange and black "fire" vinyl because you won't often encounter more fiery guitar work than what's herehoused in a gatefold jacket and limited to 2, copies worldwide.
Funky Junky 2. Black Autumn 3. Day and Age 4. There'll Always Be 5. Billy Joe Young 6. The Story of Isaac 7. Baltimore 8. Sign on the Window 9. Humbug Down on the River; Pain I Desire You; Stormy Monday Jam; Roy's Bluz Sweet Dreams. Alexander's Ragtime Band 2.
What'd I Say 3. I've Had My Fun 4. Raelettes Intoduction 5. Games People Play 6. Don't Change On Me 7. I Can't Stop Loving You 8. Marie 9. I've Got A Woman. Madlib had made an Azymuth tribute record he wanted to play for him. On a rainy night in Rio, Mamao and Madlib went in the studio. Several hours later the rhythm tracks that make up Sujinho were laid and the process began. Mamaoism 2. Barumba 3. Anna de Amsterdam Interlude 4. Brasilian Sugar 2. Sao Paulo Nights 3. Xibaba 4. Upa Neguinho feat.
Thalma De Freitas. Casa Forte 2. Amazon Stroll 3. Berimbau 4. Anna de Amsterdam Reprise 5. Waiting on the Corner. Tijuca Man 2. Nao Tem Nada Nao 3. Sunset at Sujinho 4. Segura esta Onda feat. Mamao on vocals. The fourteenth solo album from Alice, originally released inand the first 45 RPM pressing. Mountain feat. Frank Bello 2. Kiss it Goodbye feat. Howard Jones 3.
Everyone Dies feat. Stix Zadina 4. Rat Child. Sivad 2. Little Church 3. What I Say 2. Nem Um Talvez Side C 1. Selim 2. Funk Tonk Side D 1.
Inamorata and Narration by Conrad Roberts. The debut solo album from British singer-songwriter and ex-Catherine Wheel frontman Rob Dickinson. This first-ever vinyl release adds a bunch of extras that did not appear on the original CD, including the track "The End of the World" recently covered by Billie Eilishand a second disc with the Nude EP from the The Night Has A Thousand Eyes - Various - 1000 Original Hits 1963 (CD) CD reissue, made up of acoustic versions of Catherine Wheel songs.
Packaged in a gatefold jacket and pressed in red and yellow "seahorse" vinyl, limited to copies worldwide. Songs From the Deep captures our collective moment perfectly with a sense of personal nostalgia Late Night Drive, Back Porchsociopolitical resolve Forward Marchand several powerful shout-outs to recently departed civil rights icon and fellow Alabamian John Lewis Walk With the Wind, Stand.
Originally released in following the birth of his daughter, Show You The World took Living Legends MC The Grouch on a new path of growth and maturation as he navigated his new world of fatherhood and the new perspectives it brought. With topics ranging from his experience as a new father, partner and son, to drug addiction in the family, as well as his own personal struggles and triumphs, The Grouch succeeds in showing us his world.
Microphone Intro feat. Rio Amor 2. Watch Watch feat. Mike Marshall 3. Clones 4. Artsy 5. Favorite Folks 6. Yarkwork 7. Show You The World feat. Raphael Saadiq 9. The Bay To LA feat. Murs Never Die Shero Bring It Back Hot Air Ballons feat. The Time feat. Marty James His legendary performances had him dressed in gold and leopard costumes with props including rubber snakes, a smoking skull on a stick, and his signature coffin.
Over his career he didn't record many studio albums. Experience Frank Ocean through the ears and sounds of High Pulp, as the Mutual Attraction saga continues, with the final installment of the project. The three arrangements are an homage and a thank you to Frank, who has had such a heavy impact on the band and the way they think about writing music.
Along with digging into a different genre of music, and focusing on being a tribute to just one artist for this volume in the series, MA 3 also has the band performing as their largest ensemble yet: a piece band, including a 5-piece string section.
Giving no limits to these reimagined versions of Frank Ocean tunes. On election daywhen I saw that there was a good chance the state of Georgia might go blue, I came up with an idea: to record an album of Georgia- related songs as a thank you to the state and donate the money to a Georgia based non-profit organization.
I will admit my motivations were a bit selfish. The songs on this album are some of my favorite Georgia-related songs, but the tracklist is not meant to be comprehensive. I hope you enjoy listening to these recordings as much as we enjoyed making them. Keep listening to good music and fighting the good fight. Released inTear Gas is the fourth and arguably most notable studio album from The Jacka. The album features the hit singles, "All Over Me feat. Matt Blaque," and "Glamorous Lifestyles feat.
Andre Nickatina". Summer feat. Just A Celebrity feat. Sky Balla 3. Glamorous Lifestyle feat. Andre Nickatina 4. Greatest Alive feat. They Don't Know feat. Freeway 6. Dream feat. Won't Be Right feat. Cellski 8. Keep Callin' feat. Devin The Dude 9.
Girls Scared Money feat. Get It In feat. What's Your Zodiac feat. Phil Da Agony Dopest Foreal Callin' My Name feat. Mistah F. What Happened To The World The Movement feat.
The Night Has A Thousand Eyes - Various - 1000 Original Hits 1963 (CD) Asia Storm feat. Cormega Our Heroes feat. Stalin All Over Me. Madison Carnival of Losers, Pt. The Elusive Sensation of Bliss It Was Perfect A Thing for Weak Guys Honeymoon Iraq Triangle of Death Cheerleaders Huffers of 1st Platoon Another Day, Another Mission Night Tremors Unholy Retribution Date Night Acquiescence I'm Your Worst Nightmare Crossing the Line Rob Another Bank Overdose Side D Your Fate is Darkly Determined One Last Job The Comedown Album Version What I'm Trying to Say Is Bonus Track.
Contains the original tracks on the first three sides, with an original band interview on Side Four. The first time on vinyl for the album. The first vinyl release for this album. NOW became Maxwell's first album to reach 1 on the Billboardselling overunits in the U.
Get To Know Ya 2. Lifetime 3. Changed 5. NoOne 6. For Lovers Only Side B 1. Temporary Nite 2. Silently 3. Symptom Unknown 4. A full livestream production was taped, and the band plans to tour the album in the US this fall. Lean Into It shows that Mr. Daddy, Brother, Lover, Little Boy 2. Alive And Kickin' 3. Green-Tinted Sixties Mind 4.
CDff-Lucky This Time 5. Never Say Never 2. Just Take My Heart 3. My Kinda Woman 4. A Little Too Loose 5. Road To Ruin 6. To Be With You. Features songs and story from the original cast of the beloved TV show.
At The Munsters 2. Herman Says, "Hello" 3. Everyone Is Welcome 5. Meet Our Pets 6. Meet Grandpa! Grandpa's Lab 8. Herman's Favorite Story 2. Lily's Favorite Story 3. Grandpa's Favorite Recipe 4. Final Theme. They are the "Last of the Breed" -- the elder statesmen of classic country music who have inspired artists for decades.
No one else sings country music with the passion and purity of Willie Nelson, Merle Haggard, and Ray Price, and, in Marchthese living legends and Country Music Hall of Famers united on stage for a once-in-a-lifetime concert event that was captured for television and recorded to give fans the ultimate concert experience.
Limited edition 10" of special versions of songs originally taken from his landmark eponymous album, Magic Oneohtrix Point Never, released near its one year anniversary. Previously unreleased historic recordings from Charlie Parker's legendary and highly eventful visits to Los Angeles.
LP 1 Side A December 17, 1. Cement Mixer fragment into Intro into Blues fragment Dizzy Atmosphere fragment no Parker improvisation The average amount of time students now take to complete an undergraduate degree has stretched to six years and seven months as students interrupted by work, inconvenienced by unavailable classes, or lured by one more football season find it hard to graduate.
Congress has tried to help students with college costs through Pell Grants and other forms of tuition support. But some of their fixes have made the problem worse.
The stack of congressional regulations governing federal student grants and loans now stands twice as tall as I do. For all of these reasons, some colleges like Hartwick are rethinking the old way of doing things and questioning decades-old assumptions about what a college degree means. For instance, why does it have to take four years to earn a diploma? According to the college, the plan is designed for high-ability, highly motivated student who wish to save money or to move along more rapidly toward advanced degrees.
Instead of taking30credits a year, these students take During January, Hartwick runs a four week course during which students may earn three to four credits on or off campus, including a number of international sites. Summer courses are not required, but a student may enroll in them—and pay extra.
Three year students get first crack at course registration. There are no changes in the number of courses professors teach or in their pay. Geniuses have always breezed through. JudsonCollege, a student institution inAlabama, has offered students a three-year option for 40 years. Changes at the high-school level are also helping to make it easier for many students to earn their undergraduate degrees in less time.
One of five students arrives at college today with Advanced Placement AP credits amounting to a semester or more of college level work. Many universities, including large schools like theUniversityofTexas, make it easy for these AP students to graduate faster.
He entered medical school after only three years as did four or five of his classmates. He still had time to be a student senator and meet his wife. There are, however, drawbacks to moving through school at such a brisk pace. Compressing everything into three years also leaves less time for growing up, engaging in extracurricular activities, and studying abroad.
Most Waldorf students wanted the full four-year experience—academically, socially, and athletically. And faculty members will be wary of any change that threatens the core curriculum in the name of moving students into the workforce. Adopting a three-year option will not come easily to most school. Whether they experiment with three-year degrees, offer year-round classes, challenge the tenure system—or all of the above—universities are slowly realizing that to stay competitive and relevant they must adapt to a rapidly changing world.
Expanding the three-year option may be difficult, but it may be less difficult than asking Congress for additional financial help, asking legislators for more state support, or asking students even higher tuition payments. Campuses willing to adopt convenient schedules along with more focused, less-expensive degrees may find that they have a competitive advantage in attracting bright, motivated students.
These sorts of innovations can help American universities avoid the perils of success. College faculty members are afraid that the pretext of moving students into the workforce might pose a threat to. Universities are increasingly aware that they must adapt to a rapidly changing world in order to.
Convenient academic schedules with more-focused, less-expensive degrees will be more attractive to. Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer thequestions on Answer Sheet 1.
In recent years, teams of workers dispatched by Google have been working hard to make digital copies of books. So far, Google has scanned more than 10 million titles from libraries in America and Europe - including half a million volumes held by the Bodleian in Oxford.
The exact method it uses is unclear; the company does not allow outsiders to observe the process. Why is Google undertaking such a venture?
The Night Has A Thousand Eyes - Various - 1000 Original Hits 1963 (CD) is it even interested in all those out-of-printlibrary books, most of which have been gathering dust on forgotten shelves for decades? Thecompany claims its motives are essentially public-spirited. Its overall mission, after all, is to "organise the world's information", so it would be odd if that information did not include books. The company likes to present itself as having lofty aspirations.
We are doing this for the good of society. It is easy, talking to Clancy and his colleagues, to be swept along by their missionary passion. But Google's book-scanning project is proving controversial. Several opponents have recently emerged, ranging from rival tech giants such as Microsoft and Amazon to small bodies representing authors and publishers across the world. In broad terms, these opponents have levelled two sets of criticisms at Google. First, they have questioned whether the primary responsibility for digitally archiving the world's books should be allowed to fall to a commercial company.
In a recent essay in the New YorkReview of Books, Robert Darnton, the head of Harvard University's library, argued that because such books are a common resource — the possession of us all — only public, not-for-profit bodiesshould be given the power to control them.
The second related criticism is that Google's scanning of books is actually illegal. At its centre, however, is one simple issue: that of copyright. The inconvenient fact about most books, to which Google has arguably paid insufficient attention, is that they are protected by copyright. Copyright laws differ from country to country, but in general protection extends for the duration of an author's life and for a substantial period afterwards, thus allowing the author's heirs to benefit.
In Britain and America, this post-death period is 70 years. This means, of course, that almost all of the books published in the 20th century are still under copyright — and the last century saw more books published than in all previous centuries combined. Of the roughly 40 million books in US libraries, for example, an estimated 32 million are in copyright.
Of these, some 27 million are out of print. Outside the US, Google has made sure only to scan books that are out of copyright and thus in the "public domain" works such as the Bodleian's first edition of Middlemarch, which anyone canread for free on Google Books Search. But, within the US, the company has scanned both in-copyright and out-of-copyright works. Inits defence, Google points out that it displays only small segments of books that are in copyright— arguing that such displays are "fair use".
But critics allege that by making electronic copies of these books without first seeking the permission of copyright holders, Google has committed piracy. The full details are complicated - the text alone runs to pages— and trying tosummarise it is no easy task.
Broadly, the deal provides a mechanism for Google to compensate authors and publishers whose rights it has breached including giving them a share of any future revenue it generates fromtheir works. In exchange for this, the rights holders agree not to sue Google in future. This settlement hands Google the power - but only with the agreement of individual rights holders — to exploit its database of out-of-print books.
It can include them in subscription deals sold to libraries or sell them individually under a consumer licence. It is these commercial provisions that are proving the settlement's most controversial aspect. Critics point out that, by giving Google the right to commercially exploit its database, thesettlement paves the way for a subtle shift in the company's role from provider of information to seller.
Now, he says, because of the settlement's provisions, Google could become a significant force in bookselling. Under the settlement, when no rights holders come forward and register their interest in a work, commercial control automatically reverts to Google.
But if it is enacted, Google will in effect be off the hook as far as copyright violations in the US are concerned. Many people are seriously concerned by this - and the company is likely to face challenges in other courts around the world. No one knows the precise use Google will make of the intellectual property it has gained byscanning the world's library books, and the truth, as Gleick, an American science writer and member of the Authors Guild, points out, is that the The Night Has A Thousand Eyes - Various - 1000 Original Hits 1963 (CD) probably doesn't even know itself.
But what is certain is that, in some way or other, Google's entrance into digital bookselling will have a significant impact on the book world in the years to come. For questionscomplete the sen tences with the information given in the passage. American universities are accepting more minorities than ever.
Graduating them is another matter. Barry Mills, the president of Bowdoin College, was justifiably proud of Bowdoin's efforts to recruit minority students.
But Bowdoin has not done quite as well when it comes to actually graduating minorities. While 9 out of 10 white students routinely get their diplomas within six years, only 7 out of 10 black students made it to graduation day in several recent classes. The United States once had the highest graduation rate of any nation. Now it stands 10th.
For the first time in American history, there is the risk that the rising generation will be less well educated than the previous one. The graduation rate among to year-olds is no better than the rate for the to year-olds who were going to college more than 30 years ago.
Studies show that more and more poor and non-white students want to graduate from college — but their graduation rates fall far short of their dreams. The graduation rates for blacks, Latinos, and Native Americans lag far behind the graduation rates for whites and Asians. As the minority population grows in the United States, low college graduation rates become a threat to national prosperity. The problem is pronounced at public universities.
At less-selective state schools, the numbers get worse. Community colleges have low graduation rates generally — but rock-bottom rates for minorities. Private colleges and universities generally do better, partly because they offer smaller classes and more personal attention. But when it comes to a significant graduation gap, Bowdoin has company.
Nearby Colby College logged an point difference between white and black graduates in and 25 points in Middlebury College in Vermont, another top school, had a point gap in and a point gap in The most selective private schools — Harvard, Yale, and Princeton — show almost no gap between black and white graduation rates.
But that may have more to do with their ability to select the best students. According to data gathered by Harvard Law School professor Lani Guinier, the most selective schools are more likely to choose blacks who have at least one immigrant parent from Africa or the Caribbean than black students who are descendants of American slaves.
But a bigger problem may be that poor high schools often send their students to colleges for which they are "undermatched": they could get into more elite, richer schools, but instead go to community colleges and low-rated state schools that lack the resources to help them.
Some schools out for profit cynically increase tuitions and count on student loans and federal aid to foot the bill — knowing full well that the students won't make it. Colleges are not holding up their end," says Amy Wilkins of the Education Trust. A college education is getting ever more expensive. Since tuitions have been rising at roughly twice the rate of inflation. More and more scholarships are based on merit, not need.
Poorer students are not always the best-informed consumers. Often they wind up deeply in debt or simply unable to pay after a year or two and must drop out. There once was a time when universities took pride in their dropout rates. Professors would begin the year by saying, "Look to the right and look to the left. One of you is not going to be here by the end of the year. At the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the gap has been roughly halved over the last three years.
State and federal governments could sharpen that focus everywhere by broadly publishing minority graduation rates. For years private colleges such as Princeton and MIT have had success bringing minorities onto campus in the summer before freshman year to give them some prepara tory courses. The newer trend is to start recruiting poor and non-white students as early as the seventh grade, using innovative tools to identify kids with sophisticated verbal skills. Such pro grams can be expensive, of course, but cheap compared with the millions already invested in scholarships and grants for kids who have little chance to graduate without special support.
With effort and money, the graduation gap can be closed. Washington and Lee is a small, selective school in Lexington, Va. The school had its first-ever black homecoming. Last spring the school graduated the same proportion of minorities as it did whites. If the United States wants to keep up in the global economic race, it will have to pay systematic attention to graduating minorities, not just enrolling them. How many African-American students earned their degrees in California community colleges according to a recent review?
Harvard, Yale, and Princeton show almost no gap between black and white graduation rates mainly because. How does Amy Wilkins of the Education Trust view minority students' failure to get a degree? For questionschoose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Until the early s nobody much thought about whole populations getting older. By the World Bank had noticed that something big was happening.
For the next ten years a succession of books, mainly by Americans, sounded the alarm. They had titles like Young vs Old, Gray Dawn and The Coming Generational Storm, and their message was blunt: health-care systems were heading for the rocks, pensioners were taking young people to the cleaners, and soon there would be intergenerational warfare.
Since then the debate has become less emotional, not least because a lot more is known about the subject.
Books, conferences and research papers have multiplied. The World Economic Forum plans to consider the future of pensions and health care at its prestigious Davos conference early next year. The media, including this newspaper, are giving the subject extensive coverage.
Whether all that attention has translated into sufficient action is another question. Governments in rich countries now accept that their pension and health-care promises will soon become unaffordable, and many of them have embarked on reforms, but so far only timidly. That is not surprising: politicians with an eye on the next election will hardly rush to introduce unpopular measures that may not bear fruit for years, perhaps decades. The outline of the changes needed is clear. By far the most effective method to restrain pension spending is to give people the opportunity to work longer, because it increases tax revenues and reduces spending on pensions at the same time.
It may even keep them alive longer. Younger people today mostly accept that they will have to work for longer and that their pensions will be less generous. Employers still need to be persuaded that older workers are worth holding on to.
But the reservoir of women able and willing to take up paid work is running low, and the baby-boomers are going grey.
In many countries immigrants have been filling such gaps in the labour force as have already emerged and remember that the real shortage is still around ten years off.
Immigration in the developed world is the highest it has ever been, and it is making a useful difference. On the face of it, it seems the perfect solution. Many developing countries have lots of young people in need of jobs; many rich countries need helping hands that will boost tax revenues and keep up economic growth. Japan would need a large multiple of the few immigrants it has at present. Public opinion polls show that people in most rich countries already think that immigration is too high.
Further big increases would be politically unfeasible. A number of them have tried, some more successfully than others. But it is not a simple matter of offering financial incentives or providing more child care.
Modern urban life in rich countries is not well adapted to large families. Women find it hard to combine family and career. They often compromise by having just one child. And if fertility in ageing countries does not pick up? It will not be the end of the world, at least not for quite a while yet, but the world will slowly become a different place.
Older societies may be less innovative and more strongly disinclined to take risks than younger ones. By at the latest, about half the voters in America and most of those in western European countries will be over 50—and older people turn out to vote in much greater number than younger ones. Academic studies have found no evidence so far that older voters have used their power at the ballot box to push for policies that specifically benefit them, though if in future there are many more of them they might start doing so.
Nor is there any sign of the intergenerational warfare predicted in the s. After all, older people themselves mostly have families. Even so, the shift in the centre of gravity to older age groups is bound to have a profound effect on societies, not just economically and politically but in all sorts of other ways too.
For example, the shortage of young adults is likely to make countries more reluctant to commit the few they have to military service.
There is little that can be done to stop population ageing, so the world will have to live with it. But some of the consequences can be alleviated. Many experts now believe that given the right policies, the effects, though grave, need not be catastrophic. Most countries have recognised the need to do something and are beginning to act. But even then there is no guarantee that their efforts will work.
What is happening now is historically unprecedented. As Erin White watched the election results head towards victory for Barack Obama, she felt a burden lifting from her shoulders. It was like a shadow, following me around saying you can only go so far. Now it's like a barrier has been let down.
White's experience is what many psychologists had expected - that Obama would prove to be a powerful role model for African Americans. Some hoped his rise to prominence would have a big impact on white Americans, too, challenging those who still harbour racist sentiments. Ashby Plant is one of a number of psychologists who seized on Obama's candidacy to test hypotheses about the power of role models. Their work is already starting to reveal how the "Obama effect" is changing people's views and behaviour.
Perhaps surprisingly, it is not all good news: there is a sting in the tail of the Obama effect. But first the good news. Barack Obama really is a positive role model for African Americans, and he was making an impact even before he got to the White House. Indeed, the Obama effect can be surprisingly immediate and powerful, as Ray Friedman of Vanderbilt University and his colleagues discovered.
They tested four separate groups at four key stages of Obama's presidential campaign. Each group consisted of around adults of similar age and education, and the test assessed their language skills.
At two of these stages, when Obama's success was less than certain, the tests showed a clear difference between the scores of the white and black participants—an average of When the Obama fever was at its height, however, the black participants performed much better. Those who had watched Obama's acceptance speech as the Democrats' presidential candidate performed just as well, on average, as the white subjects. After his election victory, this was true of all the black participants.
What can explain this dramatic shift? At the start of the test, the participants had to declare their race and were told their results would be used to assess their strengths and weaknesses. This should have primed the subjects with "stereotype threat" — an anxiety that their results will confirm negative stereotypes, which has been shown to damage the performance of African Americans. Obama's successes seemed to act as a shield against this. There is no easy way to measure racism directly; instead psychologists assess what is known as "implicit bias", using a computer-based test that measures how quickly people associate positive and negative words—such as "love" or "evil"—with photos of black or white faces.
A similar test can also measure how quickly subjects associate stereotypical traits—such as athletic skills or mental ability—with a particular group. In a study that will appear in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Plant's team tested students during the height of the Obama fever. While the team can't be sure their results are due solely to Obama, they also showed that those with the lowest bias were likely to subconsciously associate black skin colour with political words such as "government" or "president".
This suggests that Obama was strongly on their mind, says Plant. Brian Nosek of the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, who runs a website that measures implicit bias using similar test, has also observed a small drop in bias in thevisitors to the site since Januarywhich might be explained by Obama's rise to popularity.
However, his preliminary results suggest that change will be much slower coming than Plant's results suggest. Another part of the study suggests far more is at stake than the mere expression of views. The Obama effect may have a negative side. Just one week after Obama was elected president, participants were less ready to support policies designed to address racial inequality than they had been two weeks before the election.
Huge obstacles. It could, of course, also be that Obama's success helps people to forget that a disproportionate number of black Americans still live in poverty and face huge obstacles when trying to overcome these circumstances.
Those trying to address issues of racial inequality need to constantly remind people of the inequalities that still exist to counteract the Obama's effect, she says. Though Plant's findings were more positive, she too warns against thinking that racism and racial inequalities are no longer a problem. These findings do not only apply to Obama, or even just to race. They should hold for any role model in any country. So the election of a female leader might have a downside for other women.
We also don't yet know how long the Obama effect—both its good side and its bad—will last. Political sentiment is notoriously changeable: What if things begin to go wrong for Obama, and his popularity slumps? And what if Americans become so familiar with having Obama as their president that they stop considering his race altogether? Rising costs of office space, time lost to stressful commuting, and a slow recognition that workers have lives beyond the office - all are strong arguments for letting staff work from home.
It can also provide competitive advantage, especially when small businesses want to attract new staff but don't have the budget to offer huge salaries. While company managers have known about the benefits for a long time, many have done little about it, sceptical of whether they could trust their employees to work to full capacity without supervision, or concerned about the additional expenses teleworking policies might incur as staff start charging their home phone bills to the business.
Yet this is now changing. Technology advances, including the widespread availability of broadband, are making the introduction of remote working a piece of cake. One is the availability of broadband everywhere, which now covers almost all of the country BT claims that, by July, It is always advisable for businesses to look beyond the price tag and look for a business-only provider that can offer more reliability, with good support.
The benefits of broadband to the occasional home worker are that they can access email in real time, and take full advantage of services such as internet-based backup or even internet-based phone services. Internet-based telecoms, or VoIP Voice over IP to give it its technical title, is an interesting tool to any business supporting remote working. By law, companies must "consider seriously" requests to work flexibly made by a parent with a child under the age of six, or a disabled child under It was the need to accommodate employees with young children that motivated accountancy firm Wright Vigar to begin promoting teleworking recently.
The company, which needed to upgrade its IT infrastructure to provide connectivity with a new, second office, decided to introduce support for remote working at the same time. Marketing director Jack O'Hern explains that the company has a relatively young workforce, many of whom are parents: "One of the triggers was when one of our tax managers returned from maternity leave.
She was intending to work part time, but could only manage one day a week in the office due to childcare. By offering her the ability to work from home, we have doubled her capacity - now she works a day a week from home, and a day in the office.
This is great for her, and for us as we retain someone highly qualified. For Wright Vigar, which has now equipped all of its fee-earners to be able to work at maximum productivity when away from the offices whether that's from home, or while on the roadthis strategy is not just about saving on commute time or cutting them loose from the office, but enabling them to work more flexible hours that fit around their home life. O'Hern says: "Although most of our work is client-based and must fit around this, we can't see any reason why a parent can't be on hand to deal with something important at home, if they have the ability to complete a project later in the day.
Supporting this new way of working came with a price, though. Although Wright Vigar hasn't yet quantified the business benefits, it claims that, in addition to being able to retain key staff with young families, it is able to save fee-earners a substantial amount of "dead" time in their working days.
That staff can do this without needing a fixed telephone line provides even more efficiency savings. Financial recruitment specialist Lynne Hargreaves knows exactly how much her firm has saved by adopting a teleworking strategy, which has involved handing her company's data management over to a remote hosting company, Datanet, so it can be accessible by all the company's consultants over broadband internet connections.
It has enabled the company to dispense with its business premises altogether, following the realisation that it just didn't need them any more. For questionschoose the best answer from the four choices marked A. Helicopter Moms vs. Free-Range KidsWould you let your fourth-grader ride public transportation without an adult?
Probably not. As if keeping kids under lock and key and cell phone and careful watch is the right way to rear kids. The episode has ignited another one of those debates that divides parents into vocal opposing camps. Are Modern parents needlessly overprotective, or is the world a more complicated and dangerous place than it was when previous generations were allowed to wander about unsupervised? Last week, encouraged by all the attention, Skenazy started her own blog—Free Range, kids—promoting the idea that modern children need some of the same independence that her generation had.
In the good old days nine-year-old baby boomers rode their bikes to school, walked to the store, took buses—and even subways—all by themselves. Her blog, she says, is dedicated to sensible parenting. We believe in car seats and safety belts. We do NOT believe that every time school-age children go outside, they need a security guard. So why are some parents so nervous about letting their children out of their sight? Are cities and towns less safe and kids more vulnerable to crimes like child kidnap and sexual abuse than they were in previous generations?
Not exactly. And 90 percent of sexual abuse cases are committed by someone the child knows. According to Child Trends, a nonprofit research group, between and death rates dropped by 44 percent for children aged 5 to 14 and 32 percent for teens aged 15 to Yes, some are. But today, the Centers for Disease Control report that only 13 percent of children bike, walk or otherwise t themselves to school.
The extra supervision is both a city and a suburb phenomenon. On the other hand, there are still plenty of kids whose parents give them a lot of independence, by choice or by necessity. The After School Alliance finds that more than 14 million kids aged 5 to 17 are responsible for taking care of themselves after school.
Only 6. Child experts discourage a one-size-fits-all approach to parenting. It all depends on developmental issue, maturity, and the psychological and emotional makeup of that child. Several factors must be taken into account, says Gallagher.
Gallagher agrees with Skenazy that many nine-year-olds are ready for independence like taking public transportation alone. Being able to check in with a child anytime goes a long way toward relieving parental anxiety and may help parents loosen their control a little sooner. But most parents are more than happy to use cell phones to keep track of their kids. And for those who like the idea of free-range kids but still struggle with their inner helicopter parent, there may be a middle way.
According to Gallagher and Skenazy, children who are watchful will be better able to stay away from Unsafe situations. That explanation appeals to common sense and has dominated efforts to get to the root of the obesity epidemic and reverse it. Yet obesity researchers are increasingly dissatisfied with it. Earlier this year a review paper by 20obesity experts set out the 7 most plausible alternative explanations for the epidemic.
Here they are. It is widely believed that sleep is for the brain, not the body. Could a shortage of shut-eye also be helping to make us fat? Several large-scale studies suggest there may be a link. People who sleep less than 7 hours a night tend to have a higher body mass index than people who sleep more, according to data gathered by the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Although getting figures is difficult, it appears that we really are sleeping less.
In people in the US slept an average of 8. A poll by the National Sleep Foundation suggests that the average has fallen to under 7 hours, and the decline is mirrored by the increase in obesity. Between andthe average British home warmed from a chilly 13C to 18C.
Could air conditioning in summer and heating in winter really make a difference to our weight? Studies show that in comfortable temperatures we use less energy. Bad news: smokers really do tend to be thinner than the rest of us, and quitting really does pack on the pounds, though no one is sure why. It probably has something to do with the fact that nicotine is an appetite suppressant and appears to up your metabolic rate.
Katherine Flegal and colleagues at the US National Center for Health Statistics in Hyattsville, Maryland, have calculated that people kicking the habit have been responsible for a small but significant portion of the US epidemic of fatness. From data collected around by the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, they worked out that people who had quit in the previous decade were much more likely to be overweight than smokers and people who had never smoked.
Yours chances of becoming fat may be set, at least in part, before you were even born. Children of obese mothers are much more likely to become obese themselves later in life. Offspring of mice fed a high-fat diet during pregnancy are much more likely to become fat than the offspring of identical mice fed a normal diet.
Intriguingly, the effect persists for two or three generations. Grandchildren of mice fed a high-fat diet grow up fat even if their own mother is fed normally-so you fate may have been sealed even before you were conceived. Some groups of people just happen to be fatter than others. Surveys carried out by the US national center for health statistics found that adults aged 40 to 79 were around three times as likely to be obese as younger people.
In the US, these groups account for an increasing percentage of the population. Mothers around the world are getting older. Michael Symonds at the University of Nottingham, UK, found that first-born children have more fat than younger ones. As family size decreases, firstborns account for a greater share of the population. InBritish women gave birth to an average of 2. In the US in, 9.
Just as people pair off according to looks, so they do for size. Lean people are more likely to marry lean and fat more likely to marry fat. On its own, like marrying like cannot account for any increase in obesity.
But combined with others—particularly the fact that obesity is partly genetic, and that heavier people have more children—it amplifies the increase form other causes.
For those of us lucky enough to live that long, will be a world of almost perpetual youth, where obesity is a remote memory and robots become our companions. We will be rubbing shoulders with aliens and colonising outer space. Better still, our descendants might at last live in a world at peace with itself. The prediction is that we will have found a source of inexhaustible, safe, green energy, and that science will have killed off religion.
If they are right we will have removed two of the main causes of war-our dependence on oil and religious prejudice. Of course, all these predictions come with a scientific health warning.
Anthony Atala, director of the Wake Forest Institute in North Carolina, believes failing organs will be repaired by injecting cells into the body.
They will naturally go straight to the injury and help heal it. These organs would be grown in animals such as pigs. But Prof. Colin Pillinger, professor of planetary sciences at the Open University, says: I fancy that at least we will be able to show that life did start to evolve on Mars well as Earth. He adds: There is even a chance we will find alien life forms here on Earth. It might be as different as English is to Chinese. Such discoveries are likely to have revolutionary consequences for biology, astronomy and philosophy.
They may also change the way we look at ourselves and our place in the universe. Ellen Heber-Katz, a professor at the Wistar Institute in Philadelphia, foresees cures for injuries causing paralysis such as the one that afflicted Superman star Christopher Reeve. Repairs to the nervous system will start with optic nerves and, in time, the spinal cord.
Heber-Katz adds. Sydney Brenner, senior distinguished fellow of the Crick-Jacobs Center in California, won the Nobel Prize for Medicine and says that if there is a global disaster some humans will survive-and evolution will favour small people with bodies large enough to support the required amount of brain power.
Rodney Brooks, professor of robotics at MIT, says the problems of developing artificial intelligence for robots will be at least partly overcome. Ideally, such a source would be safe in that it could not be made into weapons and would not make hazardous or toxic waste or carbon dioxide, the The Night Has A Thousand Eyes - Various - 1000 Original Hits 1963 (CD) greenhouse gas blamed for global warming.
Forget the old idea that conserving energy is a form of self-denial—riding bicycles, dimming the lights, and taking fewer showers.
These days conservation is all about efficiency: getting the same—or better—results from just a fraction of the energy. He bought a new water boiler with a digitally controlled pump, and wrapped insulation around the pipes. Efficiency is also a great way to lower carbon emissions and help slow global warming.
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