Mojo Hand - Lightnin Hopkins - Greatest Hits! (Vinyl, LP)
Kennedy and Ronald Reagan. Sinatra was investigated by the FBI for his alleged relationship with the Mafia. While Sinatra never learned how to read music, he worked very hard from a young age to improve his abilities in all aspects of music. A perfectionist, renowned for his dress sense and performing presence, he always insisted on recording live with his band. His bright blue eyes earned him the popular nickname "Ol' Blue Eyes".
Sinatra led a colorful personal life, and was often involved in turbulent affairs with women, such as with his second wife Ava Gardner. He later married Mia Farrow in and Barbara Marx in Sinatra had several violent confrontations, usually with journalists he felt had crossed him, or work bosses with whom he had disagreements.
He was included in Time magazine's compilation of the 20th century's most influential people. After Sinatra's death, American music critic Robert Christgau called him "the greatest singer of the 20th century",  and he continues to be seen as an iconic figure. But I believe that to counter her steel will he'd developed his own.
To prove her wrong when she belittled his choice of career Their friction first had shaped him; that, I think, had remained to the end and a litmus test of the grit in his bones. It helped keep him at the top of his game. Francis Church in Hoboken was delayed until April 2, Sinatra's mother was energetic and driven,  and biographers believe that she was the dominant factor in the development of her son's personality traits and self-confidence. Sinatra's illiterate father was a bantamweight boxer who fought under the name Marty O'Brien.
Sinatra developed an interest in music, particularly big band jazz, at a young age. Rue Jr. High School from and A. Demarest High School since renamed as Hoboken High School inwhere he arranged bands for school dances.
Sinatra began singing professionally as a teenager, but he learned music by ear and never learned to read music. Fred Tamburro, the group's baritonestated that "Frank hung around us like we were gods or something", admitting that they only took him on board because he owned a car [g] and could chauffeur the group around. Sinatra soon learned they were auditioning for the Major Bowes Amateur Hour show, and "begged" the group to let him in on the act.
No more than 8, copies of the record were sold,  and further records released with James throughsuch as "All or Nothing at All", also had weak sales on their initial release. Sinatra became increasingly frustrated with the status of the Harry James band, feeling that he was not achieving the major success and acclaim he was looking for.
His pianist and close friend Hank Sanicola persuaded him to stay with the group,  but in November he left James to replace Jack Leonard [k] as the lead singer of the Tommy Dorsey band. He was just a skinny kid with big ears. I used to stand there so amazed I'd almost forget to take my own solos". Sinatra copied Dorsey's mannerisms and traits, becoming a demanding perfectionist like him, even adopting his hobby of toy trains.
He asked Dorsey to be godfather to his daughter Nancy in June In his first year with Dorsey, Sinatra recorded over forty songs. Sinatra's first vocal hit was the song " Polka Dots and Moonbeams " in late April Stordahl recalled: "He just couldn't believe his ears. He was so excited, you almost believed he had never recorded before. I think this was a turning point in his career. I think he began to see what he might do on his own". Up until his death in NovemberDorsey occasionally made biting comments about Sinatra to the press such as "he's the most fascinating man in the world, but don't put your hand in the cage".
Perfectly simple: It was the war years and there was a great loneliness, and I was the boy in every corner drugstore, the boy who'd gone off drafted to the war. That's all. I never heard such a commotion All this for a fellow I never heard of.
He became known as "Swoonatra" or "The Voice", and his fans "Sinatratics". They organized meetings and sent masses of letters of adoration, and within a few weeks of the show, some Sinatra fan clubs had been reported across the US. Sinatra signed with Columbia Records as a solo artist on June 1, during the —44 musicians' strike. Columbia wanted new recordings of their growing star as quickly as possible, so Alec Wilder was hired as an arranger and conductor for several sessions with a vocal group called the Bobby Tucker Singers.
Of the nine songs recorded during these sessions, seven charted on the best-selling list. Sinatra did not serve in the military during World War II. On December 11,he was officially classified 4-F "Registrant not acceptable for military service" by his draft board because of a perforated eardrum.
However, U. Army files reported that Sinatra was "not acceptable material from a psychiatric viewpoint", but his emotional instability was hidden to avoid "undue unpleasantness for both the selectee and the induction service".
Despite being heavily involved in political activity in andin those two years Sinatra sang on radio shows, recorded 36 times, and shot four films.
In Sinatra released " Oh! William Ruhlmann of AllMusic wrote that Sinatra "took the material very seriously, singing the love lyrics with utter seriousness", and that his "singing and the classically influenced settings gave the songs unusual depth of meaning".
Granata describes as "one of the highlights of Sinatra's Columbia epoch". Sinatra's third album, Christmas Songs by Sinatrawas originally released in as a 78 rpm album set,  and a 10" LP record was released two years later. Though " The Hucklebuck " reached the top ten,  it was his last single release under the Columbia label. Cementing the low of his career was the death of publicist George Evans from a heart attack in January at According to Jimmy Van HeusenSinatra's close friend and songwriter, Evans's death to him was "an enormous shock which defies words", as he had been crucial to his career and popularity with the bobbysoxers.
Sinatra became one of Las Vegas's pioneer residency entertainers,  and a prominent figure on the Vegas scene throughout the s and s onwards, a period described by Rojek as the "high-water mark" of Sinatra's "hedonism and self absorption". Rojek notes that the Rat Pack "provided an outlet for gregarious banter and wisecracks", but argues that it was Sinatra's vehicle, possessing an "unassailable command over the other performers".
Sinatra's decline in popularity was evident at his concert appearances. At a brief run at the Paramount in New York he drew small audiences. It was sad. From the top to the bottom in one horrible lesson. The release of the film From Here to Eternity in August marked the beginning of a remarkable career revival.
In subsequent sessions in May and November Sinatra and Riddle developed and refined their musical collaboration, with Sinatra providing specific guidance on the arrangements.
His February recording sessions inaugurated the studios at the Capitol Records Building complete with a piece symphonic orchestra. Look at Me Now" and " From This Moment On " revealed "powerful sexual overtones, stunningly achieved through the mounting tension and release of Sinatra's best-teasing vocal lines", while his recording of "River, Stay 'Way from My Door" in April demonstrated his "brilliance as a syncopational improviser".
Buddy Collette considered the swing albums to have been heavily influenced by Sammy Davis Jr. InSinatra released Come Dance with Me! In the words of Kelley, byMojo Hand - Lightnin Hopkins - Greatest Hits! (Vinyl was "not simply the leader of the Rat Pack" but had "assumed the position of il padrone in Hollywood".
He was asked by 20th Century Fox to be the master of ceremonies at a luncheon attended by Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev on September 19, He highlighted the "close, warm and sharp" feel of Sinatra's voice, particularly on the songs " September in the Rain ", " I Concentrate on You ", and " My Blue Heaven ".
Sinatra grew discontented at Capitol, and fell into a feud with Alan Livingstonwhich lasted over six months. Lewis 's It is Now Post Time. InSinatra released Sinatra and Stringsa set of standard ballads arranged by Don Costa, which became one of the most critically acclaimed works of Sinatra's entire Reprise period.
Frank Jr. InSinatra reunited with Nelson Riddle for The Concert Sinatraan ambitious album featuring a piece symphony orchestra arranged and conducted by Riddle. The concert was recorded on a motion picture scoring soundstage with the use of multiple synchronized recording machines that employed an optical signal onto 35 mm film designed for movie soundtracks. Granata considers the album to have been "impeachable" [sic], "one of the very best of the Sinatra-Riddle ballad albums", in which Sinatra displayed an impressive vocal range, particularly in " Ol' Man River ", in which he darkened the hue.
In and he went to Mexico, with the sole purpose of putting on performances for Mexican charities, [v] and in July he was present for the dedication of the Frank Sinatra International Youth Center for Arab and Jewish children in Nazareth.
Sinatra's phenomenal success incoinciding with his 50th birthday, prompted Billboard to proclaim that he may have reached the "peak of his eminence". Louis to benefit Dismas House, a prisoner rehabilitation and training center with nationwide programs that in particular helped serve African Americans. The Rat Pack concert, called The Frank Sinatra Spectacular, was broadcast live via satellite to numerous movie theaters across America.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. In an effort to maintain his commercial viability in the late s, Sinatra would record works by Paul Simon " Mrs. Sinatra obliged and chose to sing "My Kind of Town" for the rally held in Chicago on October 20, InSinatra came out of his short-lived retirement with a television special and album.
He initially developed problems with his vocal cords during the comeback due to a prolonged period without singing. Union actions cancelled concerts and grounded Sinatra's plane, essentially trapping him in Australia.
Sinatra continued to perform at Caesars Palace in the late s, and was performing there in January when his mother Dolly died in a plane crash on the way to see him.
Riddle was ill at the time, and died that October, before they had a chance to record. InSinatra's first album in six years was released, Trilogy: Past Present Futurea highly ambitious triple album that features an array of songs from both the pre-rock era and rock era. President Lucas Mangope awarded Sinatra with the highest honor, the Order of the Leopard, and made him an honorary tribal chief. Santopietro stated that by the early s, Sinatra's voice had "coarsened, losing much of its power and flexibility, but audiences didn't care".
Kelley notes that by this period Sinatra's voice had grown "darker, tougher and loamier", but he "continued to captivate audiences with his immutable magic". She added that his baritone voice "sometimes cracked, but the gliding intonations still aroused the same raptures of delight as they had at the Paramount Theater".
He donated a lot of his earnings to charity. Quoting Henry JamesPresident Reagan said in honoring his old friend that "art was the shadow of humanity" and that Sinatra had "spent his life casting a magnificent and powerful shadow". The book became a best-seller for "all the wrong reasons" and "the most eye-opening celebrity biography of our time", according to William Safire of The New York Times.
Kelley says that Tina Sinatra blamed her for her father's colon surgery in InSinatra worked with Quincy Jones for the first time in nearly two decades on the album, L. Is My Ladywhich was well received critically. When Martin dropped out of the tour early on, a rift developed between them and the two never spoke again. On June 6,Sinatra made his last recordings with Reprise for an album which was not released. InSinatra was awarded the second "Ella Award" by the Los Angeles-based Society of Singersand performed for a final time with Ella Fitzgerald at the award ceremony.
InSinatra returned to Capitol Records and the recording studio for Duetswhich became his best-selling album. Rock 'n roll plays at being tough, but this guy is the boss — the chairman of boss I'm not going to mess with him, are you? Into mark Sinatra's 80th birthday, the Empire State Building glowed blue. While Sinatra never learned how to read music well, he had a fine, natural understanding of it,  and he worked very hard from a young age to improve his abilities in all aspects of music.
His personal favorite was Ralph Vaughan Williams. Voice coach John Quinlan was impressed by Sinatra's vocal range, remarking, "He has far more voice than people think he has. He can vocalize to a B-flat on top in full voice, and he doesn't need a mic either". His voice is built on infinite taste, with an overall inflection of sex. He points everything he does from a sexual standpoint".
Granata, to "toy with the rhythm of a melody, bringing tremendous excitement to his reading of a lyric". Dorsey was a considerable influence on Sinatra's techniques for his vocal phrasing with his own exceptional breath control on the trombone,  and Sinatra regularly swam and held his breath underwater, thinking of song lyrics to increase his breathing power.
He never liked to discuss a performance afterward because he knew his voice wasn't as good as it used to be. If someone told him he'd been great, he'd reply, 'It was a nice crowd, but my reed was off' or 'I wasn't so good on the third number'. Strangely, in spite of his hearing problems, he had the most incredible ear, which often drove those he worked with nuts.
There could be an orchestra of a hundred musicians, and if one played a bum note he'd know exactly who was responsible.
Arrangers such as Nelson Riddle and Anthony Fanzo found Sinatra to be a perfectionist who constantly drove himself and others around him, stating that his collaborators approached him with a sense of uneasiness because of his unpredictable and often volatile temperament. Once he found ones that he liked, he actively sought to work with them as often as he could, and made friends with many of them. The Cahn-Styne partnership lasted from untilwhen Van Heusen succeeded him as Sinatra's main composer.
Unlike many of his contemporaries, Sinatra insisted upon direct input regarding arrangements and tempos for his recordings. He would spend weeks thinking about the songs he wanted to record, and would keep an arranger in mind for each song.
If it was a mellow love song, he would ask for Gordon Jenkins. If it was a "rhythm" number, he would think of Billy May, or perhaps Neil Hefti or some other favored arranger. Jenkins considered Sinatra's musical sense to be unerring. His changes to Riddle's charts would frustrate Riddle, yet he would usually concede that Sinatra's ideas were superior.
Years ago, his voice was more even, and now it is divided into at least three interesting ranges: low, middle, and high. That may be due to the ten years he's put on, and the things he's been through.
Sinatra's split with Gardner in the fall of had a profound impact on the types of songs he sang and on his voice. Lahr comments that the new Sinatra was "not the gentle boy balladeer of the forties.
Fragility had gone from his voice, to be replaced by a virile adult's sense of happiness and hurt". During his career he made over recordings. In the s, Sinatra's career was facilitated by developments in technology. Up to sixteen songs could now be held by the twelve-inch L. Track after track, the brilliant concept albums redefined the nature of pop vocal art". Sinatra attempted to pursue an acting career in Hollywood in the early s. While films appealed to him,  being exceptionally self-confident,  he was rarely enthusiastic about his own acting, once remarking that "pictures stink".
Sinatra co-starred again with Gene Kelly in the Technicolor musical Take Me Out to the Ball Gamea film set inin which Sinatra and Kelly play baseball players who are part-time vaudevillians. The film remains rated very highly by critics, and in it ranked No. Fred Zinnemann 's From Here to Eternity deals with the tribulations of three soldiers, played by Burt LancasterMontgomery Cliftand Sinatra, stationed on Hawaii in the months leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor.
Sinatra starred opposite Doris Day in the musical film Young at Heart and earned critical praise for his performance as a psychopathic killer posing as an FBI agent opposite Sterling Hayden in the film noir Suddenly also Sinatra directed None but the Brave and Von Ryan's Express was a major success,   However, in the mid s, Brad Dexter wanted to "breathe new life" into Sinatra's film career by helping him display the same professional pride in his films as he did his recordings.
On one occasion, he gave Sinatra Anthony Burgess 's novel A Clockwork Orange to read, with the idea of making a film, but Sinatra thought it had no potential and did not understand a word. In the late s, Sinatra became known for playing detectives,  including Tony Rome in Tony Rome and its sequel Lady in Cement Sinatra starred opposite George Kennedy in the western Dirty Dingus Mageean "abysmal" affair according to Santopietro,  which was panned by the critics.
DeMille Award  and had intended to play Detective Harry Callahan in Dirty Harrybut had to turn the role down due to developing Dupuytren's contracture in his hand.
Hutton 's The First Deadly Sin Santopietro said that as a troubled New York City homicide cop, Sinatra gave an "extraordinarily rich", heavily layered characterization, one which "made for one terrific farewell" to his film career.
InSinatra hired arranger Axel Stordahl away from Tommy Dorsey before he began his first radio program that year, keeping Stordahl with him for all of his radio work. Ultimately, Sinatra did not find the success on television for which he had hoped. Rocky Fortunea "footloose and fancy free" temporary worker for the Gridley Employment Agency who stumbles into crime-solving.
During the show, he performed a duet with Presley, who sang Sinatra's hit " Witchcraft " with the host performing the Presley classic " Love Me Tender ". Sinatra had previously been highly critical of Elvis Presley and rock and roll in the s, describing it as a "deplorable, a rancid smelling aphrodisiac" which "fosters almost totally negative and destructive reactions in young people.
The TV special was highlighted by a dramatic reading of " Send in the Clowns " and a song-and-dance sequence with former co-star Gene Kelly.
Sinatra starred as a detective in Contract on Cherry Streetcited as his "one starring role in a dramatic television film". Sinatra had three children, Nancy bornFrank Jr.
Sinatra had met Barbato in Long Branch, New Jersey in the summer of while working as a lifeguard. He couldn't LP) it. Just to look at him—the way he moved, and how he behaved—was to know that he was a great lover and true gentleman.
He adored the company of women and knew how to treat them. I had friends whose husbands were 'players', and every time the husbands had affairs my friends were showered with gifts.
Well, I was constantly showered with gifts, but no matter what temptations Frank may have had while I wasn't around, he made me feel LP) safe and loved that I never became paranoid about losing him. Sinatra was married to Hollywood actress Ava Gardner from to It was a turbulent marriage with many well-publicized fights and altercations.
Sinatra reportedly broke off engagements to Lauren Bacall in  and Juliet Prowse in Sinatra was married to Barbara Marx from until his death. Though Sinatra was critical of the church on numerous occasions  and had a pantheistic, Einstein-like view of God in his earlier life,  he was inducted into the Catholic Sovereign Military Order of Malta in and he turned to Roman Catholicism for healing after his mother died in a plane crash in He died as a practicing Catholic and had a Catholic burial.
Sinatra was known for his immaculate sense of style. For Santopietro, Sinatra was the personification of America in the s: "cocky, eye on the main chance, optimistic, and full of the sense of possibility". Sinatra's mood swings often developed into violence, directed at people he felt had crossed him, particularly journalists who gave him scathing reviews, publicists, and photographers. His feud with then- Chicago Sun Times columnist Mike Royko began when Royko wrote a column questioning why Chicago police offered free protection to Sinatra when the singer had his own security.
The winner of the auction was Vie Carlson, mother of Bun E. Carlos of the rock group Cheap Trick. Sinatra was also known for his generosity,  particularly after his comeback. Kelley notes that when Lee J. Cobb nearly died from a heart attack in JuneSinatra flooded him with "books, flowers, delicacies", paid his hospital bills, and visited him daily, telling him that his "finest acting" was yet to come. Sinatra became the stereotype of the "tough working-class Italian American", something which he embraced.
He said that if it had not been for his interest in music, he would have likely ended up in a life of crime. One newspaper published the headline "Shame, Sinatra". The FBI kept records amounting to 2, pages on Sinatra, who was a natural target with his alleged Mafia ties, his ardent New Deal politics, and his friendship with John F. The documents include accounts of Sinatra as the target of death threats and extortion schemes.
Kennedy was leading a crackdown on organized crime. Byhe reportedly held a percent share in the hotel. Sinatra held differing political views throughout his life. Roosevelt inhe subsequently heavily campaigned for the Democrats in the presidential election.
In November Sinatra was invited by the mayor of Gary, Indianato try to settle a strike by white students of Froebel High School against Mojo Hand - Lightnin Hopkins - Greatest Hits! (Vinyl "Pro-Negro" policies of the new principal. Of all the U.
Edgar Hoover to conduct even more crackdowns on the Mafia,  was even more distrustful of Sinatra. InSinatra's friendship with Kennedy, whom he first met in the s, officially ended when Kennedy officially decided to remove Sinatra, who never shook off rumors of affiliation with the Mafia,  from his "gang. Sinatra worked with Hubert H. Humphrey in and remained a supporter of the Democratic Party until the early s.
Santopietro notes that LP) was a "lifelong sympathizer with Jewish causes ". From his youth, Sinatra displayed sympathy for African Americans and worked both publicly and privately all his life to help the struggle for equal rights.
He blamed racial prejudice on the parents of children. According to his son, Frank Jr. Sinatra died at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles on May 14,aged 82, with his wife and 3 children at his side, after suffering two heart attacks.
He also suffered from dementia -like symptoms due to his usage of antidepressants. Barbara would be the grieving widow alone at her husband's side. Sinatra's funeral was held at the Roman Catholic Church of the Good Shepherd in Beverly Hills, Californiaon May 20,with mourners in attendance and thousands of fans outside.
Robert Christgau referred to Sinatra as "the greatest singer of the 20th century". Santopietro argues that Sinatra created his own world, which he was able to dominate—his career was centred around power, perfecting the ability to capture an audience. Through his life and his art, he transcended the status of mere icon to become one of the most recognizable symbols of American culture.
Gus Levene commented that Sinatra's strength was that when it came to lyrics, telling a story musically, Sinatra displayed a "genius" ability and feeling, which with the "rare combination of voice and showmanship" made him the "original singer" which others who followed most tried to emulate.
He quoted reporter James Bacon in saying that Sinatra was the "swinging image on which the town is built", adding that no other entertainer quite "embodied the glamour" associated with Las Vegas as him. There are stars on east and west sides of the block of Vine Street respectively, and one on the south side of the block of Hollywood Boulevard for his work in television.
De Sapio on October 30, Sinatra received three Honorary Degrees during his lifetime. It was at this commencement that he was bestowed an Honorary Doctorate litterarum humanarum by the university. He went on to describe that "this is the first educational degree I have ever held in my hand. I will never forget what you have done for me today". Sinatra has been portrayed on numerous occasions in film and television. Sinatra was convinced that Johnny Fontane, a mob-associated singer in Mario Puzo 's novel The Godfatherwas based on his life.
Puzo wrote in that when the author and singer met in Chasen'sSinatra "started to shout abuse", calling Puzo a "pimp" and threatening physical violence.
Francis Ford Coppoladirector of the film adaptationsaid in the audio commentary that "Obviously Johnny Fontane was inspired by a kind of Frank Sinatra character". President Ronald Reagan. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American singer and actor. For other uses, see Sinatra disambiguation.
Sinatra, circa Octoberduring recording of the album Come Fly with Me. Hoboken, New JerseyU. Los AngelesCaliforniaU. Nancy Barbato. Ava Gardner. Mia Farrow. Barbara Marx. Nancy Frank Jr. Antonino Martino Sinatra Natalina Garaventa. Traditional pop easy listening jazz swing vocal jazz.
Musical artist. Main article: Early life of Frank Sinatra. Main article: Frank Sinatra discography. Play media. See also: Frank Sinatra filmography. Sinatra as Maggio in From Here to Eternity. Sinatra at the 26th Academy Awards. See also: Personal life of Frank Sinatra. Main article: Political life of Frank Sinatra. See also: List of awards and nominations received by Frank Sinatra. Sinatra, c. In Mayhe officially corrected the name on his birth certificate to "Francis A.
Dolly and Marty ran a tavern during those years, allowed to operate openly by local officials who refused to enforce the law. Dolly said of it, "My son is like me.
You cross him, he never forgets. Mane wrote "Frank Sinatra" on the record label and kept the recording in a drawer through the years, giving Sinatra a copy on a cassette tape as a gift in Mane died inonly months after Sinatra's death; inMane's widow offered the recording for sale through Gurnsey's auction house in New York.
James actually knew Ray Sinatra, so he did not press the issue. In one incident witnessed by Stafford backstage at the Astor Hotel in New York, Rich called Sinatra a name and Sinatra threw a heavy glass pitcher filled with water and ice at Rich's head. In the open field, you might say, were some awfully good singers with the orchestras. Bob Eberly with Jimmy Dorsey was a fabulous vocalist. Como with Ted Weems is such a wonderful singer. I thought, if I don't make a move out of this and try to do it on my own soon, one of those guys will do it, and I'll have to fight all three of them to get a position".
Joseph Ross in Los Angeles in August Kelley says that his articles grew so offensive that Sinatra pounced on him outside Ciro's and punched him behind the left ear in response to an insult in which he was called a "dago". Sinatra was taken to court, and according to Kelley, Mortimer received Mafia threats to drop the case or lose his life.
Miller thought he would try this novelty approach for Sinatra because he felt the singer's "great records" weren't selling. With Starr on drums and McCartney and his wife, Lindacontributing backing vocals, the song was released as a single in May Inthe Beatles were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fametheir first year of eligibility. Live at the BBCthe first official release of unissued Beatles performances in seventeen years, appeared in Anthology was the culmination of work begun inwhen Apple Corps director Neil Aspinalltheir former road manager and personal assistant, had started to gather material for a documentary with the working title The Long and Winding Road.
McCartney, Harrison and Starr also added new instrumental and vocal parts to songs recorded as demos by Lennon in the late s. The releases were commercially successful and the television series was viewed by an estimated million people. The Beatles' 1a compilation album of the band's British and American number-one hits, was released on 13 November It became the fastest-selling album of all time, with 3.
Harrison died from metastatic lung cancer in November The tribute event took place at the Royal Albert Hall on the first anniversary of Harrison's death. InLet It Be Nakeda reconceived version of the Let It Be album, with McCartney supervising production, was released. One of the main differences from the Spector-produced version was the omission of the original string arrangements. The US album configurations from to were released as box sets in and ; The Capitol Albums, Volume 1 and Volume 2 included both stereo and mono versions based on the mixes that were prepared for vinyl at the time of the music's original American release.
As a soundtrack for Cirque du Soleil 's Las Vegas Beatles stage revue, LoveGeorge Martin and his son Giles remixed and blended of the band's recordings to create what Martin called "a way of re-living the whole Beatles musical lifespan in a very condensed period".
On 9 Septemberthe Beatles' entire back catalogue was reissued following an extensive digital remastering process that lasted four years.
Owing to a long-running royalty disagreement, the Beatles were among the last major artists to sign deals with online music services. Universal was allowed to keep the Beatles' recorded music catalogue, managed by Capitol Records under its Capitol Music Group division. That December saw the release of another 59 Beatles recordings on iTunes. The set, titled The Beatles Bootleg Recordingshad the opportunity to gain a year copyright extension conditional on the songs being published at least once before the end of Apple Records released the recordings on 17 December to prevent them from going into the public domain and had them taken down from iTunes later that same day.
Fan reactions to the release were mixed, with one blogger saying "the hardcore Beatles collectors who are trying to obtain everything will already have these. It aired on 9 February, the exact date of — and at the same time, and on the same network as — the original broadcast of the Beatles' first US television appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show50 years earlier. The special included performances of Beatles songs by current artists as well as by McCartney and Starr, archival footage, and interviews with the two surviving ex-Beatles carried out by David Letterman at the Ed Sullivan Theater.
Directed by Ron Howardit chronicled the Beatles' career during their touring years from tofrom their performances in Liverpool's the Cavern Club in to their final concert in San Francisco in A week later, Sgt.
Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band was reissued with new stereo mixes and unreleased material for the album's 50th anniversary. The Beatles broke their own record for the album with the longest gap between topping the charts as Abbey Road hit the top spot 50 years after its original release. Additionally, a book also titled The Beatles: Get Back will be released in Octoberahead of the documentary.
In their initial incarnation as cheerful, wisecracking moptops, the Fab Four revolutionised the sound, style, and attitude of popular music and opened rock and roll's doors to a tidal wave of British rock acts. Their initial impact would have been enough to establish the Beatles as one of their era's most influential cultural forces, but they didn't stop there. The band's increasingly sophisticated experimentation encompassed a variety of genres, including folk-rockcountrypsychedeliaand baroque popwithout sacrificing the effortless mass appeal of their early work.
In The Beatles as MusiciansWalter Everett describes Lennon and McCartney's contrasting motivations and approaches to composition: "McCartney may be said to have constantly developed — as a means to entertain — a focused musical talent with an ear for counterpoint and other aspects of craft in the demonstration of a universally agreed-upon common language that he did much to enrich.
Conversely, Lennon's mature music is best appreciated as the daring product of a largely unconscious, searching but undisciplined artistic sensibility. Ian MacDonald describes LP) as "a natural melodist — a creator of tunes capable of existing apart from their harmony".
His melody lines are characterised as primarily "vertical", employing wide, consonant intervals which express his "extrovert energy and optimism". Conversely, Lennon's "sedentary, ironic personality" is reflected in a "horizontal" approach featuring minimal, dissonant intervals and repetitive melodies which rely on their harmonic accompaniment for interest: "Basically a realist, he instinctively kept his melodies close to the rhythms and cadences of speech, colouring his lyrics with bluesy tone and harmony rather than creating tunes that made striking shapes of their own.
If there hadn't been Elvis, there would not have been the Beatles. The Beatles continued to absorb influences long after their initial success, often finding new musical and lyrical avenues by listening to their contemporaries, including Bob Dylanthe WhoFrank Zappathe Lovin' Spoonfulthe Byrds and the Beach Boyswhose album Pet Sounds amazed and inspired McCartney. Originating as a skiffle group, the Beatles quickly embraced s rock and roll and helped pioneer the Merseybeat genre,  and their repertoire ultimately expanded to include a broad variety of pop music.
Although the song "Yesterday" was not the first pop record to employ orchestral strings, it marked the group's first recorded use of classical music elements. Gould observes: "The more traditional sound of strings allowed for a fresh appreciation of their talent as composers by listeners who were otherwise allergic to the din of drums and electric guitars.
The band's stylistic range expanded in another direction with their B-side "Rain", described by Martin Strong as "the first overtly psychedelic Beatles record". Innovation was the most striking feature of their creative evolution, according to music historian and pianist Michael Campbell: "'A Day in the Life' encapsulates the art and achievement of the Beatles as well as any single track can.
It highlights key features of their music: the sound imagination, the persistence of tuneful melody, and the close coordination between words and music. It represents a new category of song — more sophisticated than pop There literally had never before been a song — classical or vernacular — that had blended so many disparate elements so imaginatively. Author Dominic Pedler describes the way they crossed musical styles: "Far from moving sequentially from one genre to another as is sometimes conveniently suggested the group maintained in parallel their mastery of the traditional, catchy chart hit while simultaneously forging rock and dabbling with a wide range of peripheral influences from country to vaudeville.
One of these threads was their take on folk music, which would form such essential groundwork for their later collisions with Indian music and philosophy. George Martin 's close involvement in his role as producer made him one of the leading candidates for the informal title of the " fifth Beatle ".
Collaborating with Lennon and McCartney required Martin to adapt to their different approaches to songwriting and recording. MacDonald comments, "while [he] worked more naturally with the conventionally articulate McCartney, the challenge of catering to Lennon's intuitive approach generally spurred him to his more original arrangements, of which ' Being for the Benefit of Mr.
Compared with Paul's songs, all of which seemed to keep in some sort of touch with reality, John's had a psychedelic, almost mystical quality John's imagery is one of the best things about his work — 'tangerine trees', 'marmalade skies', 'cellophane flowers' On the other hand, I would be stupid to pretend that drugs didn't figure quite heavily in the Beatles' lives at that time Not only was I not into it myself, I couldn't see the need for it; and there's no doubt that, if I too had been on dope, Pepper would never have been the album it was.
Perhaps it was the combination of dope and no dope that worked, who knows? Harrison echoed Martin's description of his stabilising role: "I think we just grew through those years together, him as the straight man and us as the loonies; but he was always there for us to interpret our madness — we used to be slightly avant-garde on certain days of the week, and he would be there as the anchor person, to communicate that through the engineers and on to the tape.
Making innovative use of technology while expanding the possibilities of recorded music, the Beatles urged experimentation by Martin and his recording engineers. Seeking ways to put chance occurrences to creative use, accidental guitar feedback, a resonating glass bottle, a tape loaded the wrong way round so that it played backwards — any of these might be incorporated into their music.
Along with innovative studio techniques such as sound effectsunconventional microphone placements, tape loops, double tracking and vari-speed recording, the Beatles augmented their songs with instruments that were unconventional in rock music at the time.
These included string and brass ensembles as well as Indian instruments such as the sitar in "Norwegian Wood" and the swarmandal in "Strawberry Fields Forever". Former Rolling Stone associate editor Robert Greenfield compared the Beatles to Picassoas "artists who broke through the constraints of their time period to come up with something that was unique and original The Beatles' arrival in the US is credited with initiating the album era ;  the music historian Joel Whitburn says that LP sales soon "exploded and eventually outpaced the sales and releases of singles" in the music industry.
Their musical innovations and commercial success inspired musicians worldwide. According to Gould, the Beatles changed the way people listened to popular music and experienced its role in their lives. From what began as the Beatlemania fad, the group's popularity grew into what was seen as an embodiment of sociocultural movements of the decade. As icons of the s countercultureGould continues, they became a catalyst for bohemianism and activism in various social and political arenas, fuelling movements such as women's liberationgay liberation and environmentalism.
Other commentators such as Mikal Gilmore and Todd Leopold have traced the inception of their socio-cultural impact earlier, interpreting even the Beatlemania period, particularly on their first visit to the US, as a key moment in the development of generational awareness.
The Beatles were like aliens dropped into the United States of Elvis Presley had shown us how rebellion could be fashioned into eye-opening style; the Beatles were showing us how style could have the impact of cultural revelation — or at least how a pop vision might be forged into an unimpeachable consensus.
Established inGlobal Beatles Day is an annual holiday on 25 June each year that honours and celebrates the ideals of the Beatles. The best-selling band in history, the Beatles have sold more than million units as of [update]. This date has direct relation to the opening of The Cavern Club in Inthe Beatles became the first band to feature on a series of UK postage stamps issued by the Royal Mail.
The Beatles have a core catalogue consisting of 13 studio albums and one compilation. Throughthe Beatles' catalogue was published almost exclusively by Northern Songs Ltda company formed in February by music publisher Dick James specifically for Lennon and McCartney, though it later acquired songs by other artists. Five million shares were created, of which the original principals retained 3.
James and Silver each receivedshares Of the 1. Harrison created Harrisongs to represent his Beatles compositions, but signed a three-year contract with Northern Songs that gave it the copyright to his work through Marchwhich included " Taxman " and " Within You Without You ".
The acquisition gave him control over the publishing rights to more than Beatles songs, as well as 40, other copyrights. The merger made the new company, then valued at over half a billion dollars, the third-largest music publisher in the world. Under US copyright law, for works published before the author can reclaim copyrights assigned to a publisher after 56 years. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Beatles. English rock band. This article is about the band.
For their eponymous album, see The Beatles album. For other uses, see The Beatles disambiguation. For the insect, see Beetle. For other uses, see Fab Four disambiguation. Rock pop. Parlophone Apple Capitol. Main article: Beatlemania. Sample of " She Loves You ". The song's repeated use of "yeah" exclamations became a signature phrase for the group at the time. Sample of "Norwegian Wood" from Rubber Soul Harrison's use of a sitar on this song is representative of the Beatles' incorporation of unconventional instrumentation into rock music.
Sample of " Eleanor Rigby " from Revolver The album involves innovative compositional approaches, arrangements and recording techniques. This song, primarily written by McCartney, prominently features classical strings in a novel fusion of musical styles. See also: Break-up of the Beatles. See also: Collaborations between ex-Beatles.
Lennon in and McCartney in See also: Lennon—McCartney. See also: Recording practices of the Beatles. Main article: Cultural impact of the Beatles. The Beatles Monument in AlmatyKazakhstan. The Beatles statue at Pier Head in their home city Liverpool. Abbey Road crossing in London is a popular destination for Beatles fans. In December it was given grade II listed status for its "cultural and historical importance"; the Abbey Road studios themselves had been given similar status earlier in the year.
See also: List of awards and nominations received by the Beatles. Further information: List of members of bands featuring members of the Beatles. Principal members John Lennon — vocals, guitars, keyboards, harmonica, bass — Paul McCartney — vocals, bass, guitars, keyboards, drums — George Harrison — guitars, vocals, sitar, keyboards, bass — Ringo Starr — drums, percussion, vocals — Early members Pete Best — drums, vocals — Stuart Sutcliffe — bass, vocals — Chas Newby — bass — Norman Chapman — drums Tommy Moore — drums Touring musician Jimmie Nicol — drums Main article: The Beatles discography.
Main article: The Beatles in film. Main article: List of the Beatles' live performances. We know what we mean by them. But in a week someone else says something about it, and you can't deny it. You put your own meaning at your own level to our songs.
It was speculated that he was concerned that the band might not renew his management contract, due to expire in October, over discontent with his supervision of business matters, particularly regarding Seltaebthe company that handled their US merchandising rights. The independently issued album compiled recordings made during the group's Hamburg residencytaped on a basic recording machine using only one microphone.
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