Making Love - DJ Luck & MC Neat - Present ... II (CD)

Quando i sistemi di scrittura vennero inventati, furono utilizzati quei materiali che permettevano la registrazione di informazioni sotto forma scritta: pietraargillacorteccia d'albero, lamiere di metallo.

La scrittura alfabetica emerse in Egitto circa 5. Gli antichi Egizi erano soliti scrivere sul papirouna pianta coltivata lungo il fiume Nilo. Inizialmente i termini non erano separati l'uno dall'altro scriptura continua e non c'era punteggiatura. I testi venivano scritti da destra a sinistra, da sinistra a destra, e anche in modo che le linee alternate si leggessero in direzioni opposte.

Le tavolette di cera erano assicelle di legno ricoperte da uno strato abbastanza spesso di cera che veniva incisa da uno stilo. Avevano il vantaggio di essere riutilizzabili: la cera poteva essere fusa e riformare una "pagina bianca".

Erano utilizzate anche le cortecce di albero, come per esempio quelle della Tiliae altri materiali consimili. La parola greca per papiro come materiale di scrittura biblion e libro biblos proviene dal porto fenicio di Bibloda dove si esportava il papiro verso la Grecia. Tomus fu usato dai latini con lo stesso significato di volumen vedi sotto anche la spiegazione di Isidoro di Siviglia. Che fossero fatti di papiro, pergamena o carta, i rotoli furono la forma libraria dominante della cultura ellenisticaromanacinese ed ebraica.

Gli autori cristiani potrebbero anche aver voluto distinguere i loro scritti dai testi pagani scritti su rotoli. La storia del libro continua a svilupparsi con la graduale transizione dal rotolo al codexspostandosi dal Vicino Oriente del II - II millennio a. Fino al II secolo d. All'arrivo del Medioevocirca mezzo millennio dopo, i codici - di foggia e costruzione in tutto simili al libro moderno - rimpiazzarono il rotolo e furono composti principalmente di pergamena.

Quattro son troppi? Anche nei suoi distici, Marziale continua a citare il codex: un anno prima del suddetto, una raccolta di distici viene pubblicata con lo scopo di accompagnare donativi. Questa mole composta da numerosi fogli contiene quindici libri poetici del Nasone». Dal II secolo a. Nel mondo antico non godette di molta fortuna a causa del prezzo elevato rispetto a quello del papiro. Il libro in forma di rotolo consisteva in fogli preparati da fibre di papiro phylire disposte in uno strato orizzontale lo strato che poi riceveva la scrittura sovrapposto ad uno strato verticale la faccia opposta.

La scrittura era effettuata su colonne, generalmente sul lato del papiro che presentava le fibre orizzontali. Non si hanno molte testimonianze sui rotoli di pergamena tuttavia la loro forma era simile a quella dei libri in papiro. Gli inchiostri neri utilizzati erano a base di nerofumo e gomma arabica. Dal II secolo d. La vecchia forma libraria a rotolo scompare in ambito librario.

In forma notevolmente differente permane invece in ambito archivistico. Questo mezzo, permettendo l'accelerazione della produzione delle copie di testi contribuisce alla diffusione del libro e della cultura. Altri suoi distici rivelano che tra i regali fatti da Marziale c'erano copie di Virgiliodi Cicerone e Livio. Le parole di Marziale danno la distinta impressione che tali edizioni fossero qualcosa di recentemente introdotto. Sono stati rinvenuti "taccuini" contenenti fino a dieci tavolette.

Nel tempo, furono anche disponibili modelli di lusso fatti con tavolette di avorio invece che di legno. Ai romani va il merito di aver compiuto questo passo essenziale, e devono averlo fatto alcuni decenni prima della fine del I secolo d. Il grande vantaggio che offrivano rispetto ai rolli era la capienza, vantaggio che sorgeva dal fatto che la facciata esterna del rotolo era lasciata in bianco, vuota.

Il codice invece aveva scritte entrambe le facciate di ogni pagina, come in un libro moderno. La prima pagina porta il volto del poeta. I codici di cui parlava erano fatti di pergamena ; nei distici che accompagnavano il regalo di una copia di Omeroper esempio, Marziale la descrive come fatta di "cuoio con molte pieghe". Ma copie erano anche fatte di fogli di papiro. Quando i greci ed i romani disponevano solo del rotolo per scrivere libri, si preferiva usare il papiro piuttosto che la pergamena.

I ritrovamenti egiziani ci permettono di tracciare il graduale rimpiazzo del rotolo da parte del codice. Fece la sua comparsa in Egitto non molto dopo il tempo di Marziale, nel II secolo d. Il suo debutto fu modesto. A tutt'oggi sono stati rinvenuti 1. Verso il d. I ritrovamenti egiziani gettano luce anche sulla transizione del codex dal papiro alla pergamena.

Sebbene gli undici codici della Bibbia datati in quel secolo fossero papiracei, esistono circa 18 codici dello stesso secolo con scritti pagani e quattro di questi sono in pergamena. Non ne scegliemmo alcuno, ma ne raccogliemmo altri otto per i quali gli diedi dracme in conto. As they prepare to do so, they realize how much they hurt her feelings. Arthur and Buster have to work with Binky on an art report, but they believe he will make them do all the work. He wants to do it on an abstract painting he believes is hanging sideways.

To avoid embarrassment, Arthur and Buster make an agreement with him to do separate reports. Ironically, he is the only one who does any of the work and turns out to be correct.

Arthur's luck begins to change after he finds a pencil right before the stop of a rainstorm. After several lucky breaks, he and his friends are convinced that it is lucky. As it gets shorter, he is more conservative with it.

Even with an upcoming history test, he won't let anyone use it, not even himself. Buster begins keeping bad company in his eagerness to learn his new "friends'" skating tricks. Arthur realizes that they are just having Buster make a fool of himself for their own amusement.

Arthur and his friends are too young to watch a James Hound movie. They instead decide to make their own movie. Although it doesn't come out as planned, they have fun filming it. She thinks that her parents only love Arthur and Kate. While she watches Kate for the rest of her punishment, she realizes that she has been a horrible sister. Binky rips his pants in class, revealing his underwear.

Arthur can't stop laughing every time he thinks of it, but he's getting nightmares in which he doesn't have any pants. He tells Buster about this, who tells everyone else, which embarrasses him. Inevitably, he does rip his pants and has to deal with it. Francine goes for horseback riding lessons and her sister, Catherinehas to bring her there. Catherine is better than Francine! Feeling over shadowed by Catherine, Francine considers quitting but returns and remembers why she wanted to take horseback riding in the first place.

Buster gets a cat down from a tree with his ice cream and his mother publishes a story on it. When people start calling him a hero, this goes to his head and he starts acting important and retells the story with embellished details.

Arthur, Francine, and the Brain make a fool out of him to humble him, but he ends up saving Arthur and Francine from a runaway piano.

She surprises him with four tickets to " Crazy Bus Live ". He is embarrassed to be there but finds Buster enjoying the show. When the CD goes missing, she accuses him of taking it, but their parents have done so by mistake. Arthur and his friends are participating in TV-Free Week. His family also goes without TV in support of the idea. Everyone tries to resist the temptation of TV while they go through their week. Binky has a night light. He tries to go without it when Arthur has to spend the night because his parents are stuck out of town.

When Arthur finds out about it, he believes Arthur may use this against him, although Arthur isn't particularly interested. Even so, he eventually musters the courage to tell everyone before Arthur does. The school band has a recital on Friday. Everyone except Arthur is worried and practicing.

He is confident that he knows everything well enough until a nightmare makes him worry he may miss a note. In a subplot, D. Francine and the Brain have an argument over soccer practice that carries into class and through the next match.

They may not make it to the playoffs if the argument continues. Arthur uses D. After school, Arthur is supposed to take the bus to the public pool for his swimming lesson, but he falls asleep and misses his stop.

Then he ends up at the edge of town but luckily, the bus driver helps him find his way home. Arthur has a to-do list for the summer, but he can't find it and summer's nearly over. He finds out everyone else had a great summer.

He finds his list and D. Goes to Washington ". The Reads go to Washington, D. They tour the popular landmarks and at the White HouseD. Haney gives Arthur an envelope to give to his mom. He is worried about its contents, thinking that it's about him, so he comes up with a way of giving it to her without her opening it. It turns out to contain Mr. Haney's tax documents. When the Reads goes camping, D. She names him Walter and wants to take him home.

Buster needs to write a book report, but he has never finished a book. His friends try to find one he can finish. Arthur and Buster start writing their own adventure book based on Buster's book choice from "Buster Hits the Books", but he is leaving for a couple of months. Arthur's and Francine's friends think that they are in love, leading both of them to think the other is in love.

They avoid each other afraid of getting "cooties" and finally solve the problem. Muffy is throwing a party at Waterworld and everyone is excited except the Brain. Arthur and Binky discover that he is afraid of water and try to help him get over this fear so he can go to the party. In a letter to Buster, Arthur tells him about how he was determined to be too hopelessly unfunny to be a clown and how he discovered he can be funny playing the piano.

Sue Ellen loses her diary in the library. Muffy, Francine, Binky, and Arthur find it, wondering what's inside and whether to open it or return it unread. Arthur accidentally hurts his knee at the dump while retrieving a wheel to fix his school project.

He hides the injury and makes D. She unexpectedly shows up early when her car breaks down and they must finish their last minute preparations without her noticing. Fern's mother wants her to invite some girls over for a slumber party to which she reluctantly agrees. Everyone thinks she is boring and bring their own entertainment, but she later manages to impress them with her detective skills.

The Brain and Francine use fake love notes to get revenge against Muffy after she puts them down at the science fair. Their joke has unintended consequences and they must fix it before things get worse. Blows the Whistle ". Arthur and his friends worry she may ruin the upcoming soapbox derby.

During it, she finds herself in an unsafe situation when she is stuck at the top of a large pine tree after she climbs it to get a better view. Francine and her older sister, Catherine, share a room and can't stand each other's tastes in decor, Making Love - DJ Luck & MC Neat - Present . II (CD) Catherine moves out. Francine finds her room to be empty without Making Love - DJ Luck & MC Neat - Present .

II (CD) sister in it. Arthur keeps losing at the new " No Guessing! His friends are annoyed by his "sore winner" attitude and use Binky to make him lose, because Binky has no qualms about cheating. They try to figure out ways to circumvent crossing the intersection before they realize his true intent. Arthur and Francine try to find out why D. She later has a strange dream with him, Walter from "D.

Arthur, Binky, and the Brain find a key in the grass while looking for a baseball. They each think it's for something they would like and argue over who gets to keep it before they find out what its real use is.

Muffy is having trouble coming up with a recipe so her friends make a joke one, which turns out to taste good and she takes all the credit. Sue Ellen feels lonely not having a sibling, so she opts for one of her friends, but they each have their flaws.

Buster is coming home and Arthur is excited. He is also afraid that Buster will have changed too much, so he reads up on all the places Buster had visited. His fears worsen when Buster doesn't call back or come over. Buster has returned to Elwood City. He's surprised by how much has changed and feels left out because of the things he didn't get to experience while he was away.

Arthur decides to throw a party for him. All Fired Up ". When Arthur and Muffy are assigned to work on a project together, he begins to act more and more like her. His friends try to turn him back into Arthur before it's too late.

Sue Ellen and the Brain are assigned to work on a project together same assignment as "Arthur Goes Crosswire". Francine and Buster say it will be easy as the Brain does almost all of the work by himself. Sue Ellen wants to help, but he doesn't let her. This turns into a struggle that nearly ruins their project. Ratburn 's class is asked to research their ancestors. Muffy and Francine try to one-up each other with who theirs were, even after each find nothing interesting.

Even though Muffy is eventually caught lying about hers, Francine continues with her lie. The Magic Toolbox is coming to Mr. Ratburn's class to put the kids on TV! The kids prepare for stardom, all practicing their various talents. The Brain is the only one not interested in appearing on the show, but Making Love - DJ Luck & MC Neat - Present . II (CD) it turns out that the segment is not what the others expect it to be, they need his help.

Arthur and Buster are sorting potato chips and find a big green one. Binky eats one, too, and they both make the best out the last days of their lives. Throughout the day, all of the kids and adults tease her about the green chip incident. She is furious that this went public, and blames Arthur but finds out it was her mom who told other people. She apologizes, but D. When graffiti stating "Binky Rules" mysteriously appears on the walls of the school, everyone thinks that Binky wrote it.

Buster and Fernwho are well known for being good detectives, attempt to prove that he didn't do it. After more investigating, they realize that it was done by an unknown band called Binky to promote themselves. Binky, the unknown band from "Binky Rules", has their first concert. Arthur gets to visit them backstage and struggles with whether or not he should bring his friends along and decides to do so at the last minute.

They get to meet Binky backstage because Arthur's father is catering for them. When they meet them, they realize that they are actually holograms.

Arthur doesn't like the new Woogle fad, but when everyone else has one, he tries to get one. Frustrated after several failed attempts, he starts playing with a bottle cap and starts a new fad. Arthur brings a cake his dad made to a party in his class celebrating Galileo 's birthday. Everyone likes the cake so he asks his dad to make another one, but this makes him run behind on his other orders.

He realizes this after the Brain's mom starts bringing ice cream to the school. A subplot has Mr. Ratburn attempting to get Mr. Read's cake by pretending to try to give anyone who is having one a schedule of Spring Reading, but his final attempt doesn't work when it turns out that Arthur and his dad aren't having cake; they're making ones for other people.

Francine accidentally takes her sister Catherine 's backpack to school and discovers a magazine called " Popular Girl ". Reading it convinces Sue Ellen and Fern to change their personality to become more likable. Buster has never been mad at anyone for long, but he holds a grudge against Binky for telling the joke he was going to tell. This culminates to an onstage rant during a school talent show and Arthur has to set things right. After Buster finds an arrowhead in his backyard, Arthur wants to dig around his house to see what he can find.

When he gets too involved, he starts digging where he's not allowed to do so. Ratburn's class is at a medieval fair competing for a trophy against a class from Glenbrook Academy led by Mr.

Ratburn's former teacher, Mr. During the competitions, Arthur is sidetracked by the sword in the stone and his classmates fear that Mr. Pryce-Jones may replace Mr.

Ratburn if they lose. They play roughly while pretending to fight crime and end up hurting D. Tricks the Tooth Fairy ". When her plan doesn't work, she tries to trick the tooth fairy with a fake one. December 28, [1]. Tommy Tibble is sad and less active because Timmy is sick. Although D. Arthur and Buster have an imaginary music festival featuring the whole cast in songs based on their lives, themselves, and the library.

Sue Ellen is hard to scare and is frightened by a mysterious howl in the woods. She enlists the help of Arthur, Buster, and Binky to investigate the noise. Arthur gets the help of Mr. Ratburn to try to fix her. George becomes more popular with his ventriloquist dummy, Wallyand starts a short-lived ventriloquism fad at school.

He starts acting less rationally as Wally starts falling apart, because before Wally, nobody noticed him. Francine's family gets a new cat that Francine renames Nemo after her sister, Catherine, named him Rose Petal. Arthur is a dog person and doesn't like him, thinking he is trying to kill Pal. He dislikes him so much that it may end his friendship with Francine. Arthur goes over past events from previous episodes with her to cheer her up.

This works and she goes on to her birthday party to make a wish. Clean Up ". However, they each are picky about what stays and goes and how it all goes together. Arthur and his friends are feeling different, but can't put a finger on it. They eventually realize that they haven't had a holiday in a while, so they embark on making a new one. Arthur refuses to get a book for D. Luckily, she figures out how to get a library card and check it out.

But the Tibble Twins make her worried. Having had enough of D. Worse, when the Tough Customers hear about this, they dare Binky to hit him the next time he sees him. Arthur and his friends find a snake and decide to keep it in a box in his room without telling his parents. It escapes and he and his friends are worried when they can't remember if it was a venomous coral snake Micrurus or the similarly-colored, but harmless king snake Lampropeltis Triangulum.

Muffy and Francine are best friends, but Muffy does not like practicing soccer and Francine does not like shopping. Since Francine and Jenna like soccer, Muffy searches for a new best friend who likes what she does. When D. When he learns he has it, his friends start treating him differently, thinking that he needs special attention. He educates them about it. Muffy and Francine play several pranks on Arthur, Buster, Binky, and the Brain and invite them to a party at a haunted house.

The boys decide to retaliate at it and Muffy and Francine are ready with another prank. They call off all pranks when they discover a real ghost.

Five years later, they are 13 and watch for the winning episode only to find out a girl named Holly Holland from Canadian, Oklahoma has won. When Arthur won't take her along to the Exploratoriumshe makes her own museum with false explanations of real-life occurrences, such as why the sky is blue or what the formula for water stands for. She challenges Arthur and the Brain to "prove it" when they say she is wrong, only to have to take her to the Exploratorium. A blizzard hits Elwood Cityleaving Mr.

RatburnMr. Haneyand Mr. Morris trapped in the schoolthe Brain at Prunella's houseand several families at the Reads' house. Francine has to write a report on pioneers and bases it on her experience with the people who came over to the Reads' house and pooled their resources. After his roof caves in from snow, Mr. Ratburn stays at Arthur's house. Arthur is afraid that it will be non-stop homework and teaching, only to find out Mr.

Ratburn is more fun than he thought. However, at school, his friends Making Love - DJ Luck & MC Neat - Present . II (CD) calling him a teacher's pet.

Tale Spins ". She retells The Odyssey to prove him wrong. Note: "Vegemorphs" is a parody of the Animorphs book series. Also, there is such thing as the Vegemorphs spoof series in the real world; it is published by Troll. Prunella gets two Polly Locket dolls and dismisses the second one, which was from Francine.

Later, she thinks that Francine spoiled the party by not joining in on the festivities. Binky is doing a project on butterflies and becomes obsessed with catching "Big Blue", a rare blue one.

He eventually manages to catch it but lets every butterfly go when he is horrified by how they are kept in collections. When Francine enters the talent show, her friends try to tell her she is horrible when she sings and drums at the same time, even though she is a good drummer. After she hears a recording of herself, she realizes her friends had been right, but at the talent show, she surprises them without her drum set as she sings very well. Father's Day is approaching and Arthur and his friends come up with an idea to find a substitute for Buster's dad who is a pilot and often away.

Prunella wants Flash Pants and thinks she is getting them for her birthday, only to be disappointed by a watch instead. Arthur is afraid of being teased when wearing his dad 's old Mr.

Puffy jacket because he has outgrown his old winter coat. Together, they realize that they don't have to hide because of what they wear. Arthur and his friends separately find the same metal bobbin but do not know what it is. It happens to fit exactly what they need at the moment it appears.

They argue over it and find out that it is Mr. Ratburn's and learn what it is at his puppet show. Buster is funny but wants to be good at something else, and Arthur wants to be vice versa. They end up acting like each other.

This annoys their friends and they realize that they are fine the way they are. The library is looking for a musician to perform for the children's show later in the week. Arthur and his friends are immediately annoyed, so they choose to find a musician. Francine's father suggests that they hire Joshua Redmanher uncle and a jazz musician.

But then Grandma Thora takes D. Yo-Yo Ma and Joshua Redman guest star as themselves. Arthur is put in an awkward situation, when, after arguing with D. Intrigued, he watches an episode and becomes hooked on it! He tries to hide it from his friends, which isn't easy, because it clashes with Dark Bunnythe show they are all hooked on and always talking about. When they find out initially, they tease him for it. In the end, however, they all admit they like The Love Ducks. Arthur goes on the game show, Riddle Questagainst a really smart contestant.

In the final round, he must decide between winning and his friends. Alex Trebek guest stars as the host, Alex Lebeck. Arthur, BusterFrancineand the Brain resent the large amount of homework they are assigned, which culminates in a large number of dares issued to skip school.

However, the next morning, everyone agrees to call off the plot due to guilt personified by a giant clam. Francine fails to receive the message and carries on with it. Lakewood Elementary is having an open house and Arthur and his friends are embarrassed by how their parents will act judging from the previous year's open house. This prompts Sue Ellen to ask her parents to act more "normal". Buster wants the new CyberToybut they're too expensive, so while he's at the drugstore he slips one into Arthur's backpack without him noticing.

He feels guilty later, so he and Arthur try to return it without getting into trouble. Buster beats the Brain at a class Mathathon, so the Brain gives up on his studies and Buster must represent the class. Buster realizes that he can't do so and comes up with several plans to turn the Brain back to the way he is. Although disappointed that they're brought to the beach, he tells them about Ocean Zone and leaves them to find it. They have fun at the beach and realize that it is Ocean Zone.

Arthur and his friends attempt to break a world record by making the world's largest pizza. Ratburn 's class takes a field trip to some caves in Palisades Park. Arthur is afraid of going into the caves, but inside, he's not the one that's spooked the most. He uses what his dad told him and gets everyone out of there calmly. When Muffy gets lice, she is nervous about how her friends will feel.

However, it ends up spreading to everyone at school, forcing them to be checked everyday and instead of doing homework, are forced to stay up late and have their parents take nits out of their hair. Arthur is training for and running a 3k race. Everything is seen from his point-of-view the whole episode. Ratburn's class holds a class election.

Muffy takes the candidacy for class president seriously and a competitive campaign against Arthur ensues.

However, they both lose to Binky and learn about elections and campaigning in the process. Being annoyed by her new neighbor, Francine tries to get her Making Love - DJ Luck & MC Neat - Present . II (CD) move by setting traps to scare her. This doesn't work and she makes a new friend as she gets to know her. Buster believes its his destiny to go to Pizza Paula's Pizzaland and win the pizza-eating contest for free pizza for life.

While he is there, he goes back to the hotel room to sleep early for the contest, except he can't fall asleep. Mortgage Rates Rose 0. In your inbox every Tuesday. A valid email address is required.

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